Mardu

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Zoulfia Mirzoeva
25-11-2003

The Mardu Aborigines

Location and origins: Western Desert of Australia. The Aborigines came directly from regions such as Africa, India, and Japan. (White& Lambert 1987). Because the water is crucial variable the Aborigines movement was correlated most of the times with its occurrence in particular localities.

Language: Australian. Had a different dialect but the same pattern. It is possible to relate language to the Dravidian family or south Indian groups of languages.

Physical appearance: dark skin pigmentation, pronounced brow ridges, broad noses, and slender arm, legs, and buttocks. Women 5`2”in height, men about 5`6”.

Culture: Aborigines shared the same basic economic strategy, hunting and gathering etc. The band was the basic economic group with a sexual division of labour and the emphasis on food sharing that together allowed more efficient resource exploitation. Important aspects of Mardu traditional culture relating to kinship, values and religion, retain their centrality.

Religion.
The Dreaming: That, what they believed in. The Dreaming is crucial because it is held to be the source of all power, released in the response of performance. (Source of new knowledge). They share Dreaming heritage through the media of myths, rituals, and song lines, futures of the landscape and portable objects of many kinds. Dreaming is a fundamental and complex conception, not only embracing the creative past and the ordering the world but also having a great relevance to the present and the future Aboriginal existence.

The Aboriginal society is more accurately viewed as existing for the sake of religion (Charlesworth 1984).

Subsistence Activities.
Food –collecting activities occupy more that a half of the day. All decisions about the food collecting, weather conditions, individual inclinations are made by man and women. Man and youth seek large game as kangaroos, emus .an so on Man are more likely to hunt alone or in pairs. Women’s contribution to the food supply is between 60%to 80% of the total food collection. They usually go to search for food in groups with the children. Women preparing food, it usual quick task for them.

Mardu eat only one meal a day, in the late afternoon. Children might eat what they will find while hunting with their mothers. Tools.
There are 3 categories of tools.
1.Spears are the mostly in use as a throwing type. Returning boomerang is about 2 feet long. Shields are 2-3 feet long and 6 inches wide. 2.The large base –stones.
3.The tools that are made from row materials available close to hand. Shelters and camp Layout.
Shelter is simply made. Each family group camps separately and has its own fire. The distance between the camps depends on the nature of friendship and kinship ties. Boys and youth men sleep apart in bachelor shelters but usually eat with their families.

The Social Imperative
Kinship.
A basic feature of all Aboriginal kinship system is that they are classificatory. It is based on two major principals: The same sex is classed as an equivalent (fathers brothers are classed together with the father and called mama, the same mothers side called yagurdi. The classifying principle can be expanded to embrace a theoretically infinite number of people. From local group to most distant of kin and former stranger. The kinship of Mardu is bilateral insofar as it accords about equal stress to male and female descent principles.

Marriage Rules.
The prescribed form of marriage among the Mardu is between cross cousins. It is allowed to marry with both first and second classificatory cross cousins; Local organisation
The estate is the traditional heartland of what is most often some kind of patrilineal descent group. The are dialect groups in the all desert. Member groups of the same dialect –named group will be bound to interact more often and have a closer kinship and...
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