Marcus Tullius Cicero was born on the third of January in 106 BCE. He was born in Arpinum into a respected, land-owning family. Cicero moved to Rome in his early teenage years for his studies. Rhetoric, logic, philosophy, and oratory were his main studies. He was a writer, lawyer, statesman, politician, philosophers and became known as one of Rome’s most skilled speakers. Cicero was very intelligent, but in the end, his political views and words are what caused him to be assassinated. (Life)
Cicero and Mark Antony were powerful people in Rome. Cicero was the spokesman of the senate, and Antony was the consul. They were never friendly with each other, and it worsened when Cicero said that he thought Antony was taking unfair privileges in interpreting Caesar’s wishes. When Octavian, Caesar’s adopted son, went to Italy, Cicero created a plan to turn him against Antony. He also tried to have the Senate name Antony as an enemy of the state. His plan to get rid of Mark Antony failed, and Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus joined together in a “political alliance”. They began to declare their rivals as enemies of the state right after they created their alliance. Cicero, and all of his contacts and supporters, were added to the list. They captured Cicero and ordered his execution. (Biography)
Cicero spent the end of his life fighting the rise of dictatorship. He wanted to defend the republic. His writing and poetry made a lasting influence on philosophy and literature, and he also influenced the Latin language. His communication skills brought Greek philosophy to Rome and later civilizations. As for his death, he may not have been successful in his fight to preserve the Republic, but his legacy of defending liberty was inspirational to later generations.
The Life of Marcus Tullius Cicero: An Introduction. Ed. Walter B. Gunnison and Walter S. Harley. Silver, Burdett and Company, 1912. Web. 20 Mar. 2013. Marcus Tullius Cicero -...