Marcel Duchamp “The Fountain”
To begin to understand Marcel Duchamp’s specific piece of art “The Fountain” I delved deep into the history behind the Dada movement, from which Duchamp thrived. This began with an in depth look at Western Europe during World War I, The Dada’s reaction to the World War, and more specifically Marcel Duchamp’s reaction to the World War. As stated in the book, “no single event influenced the development of modern as profoundly as World War I.”
Western Europe during the World War I was sufficiently negatively effected, and Europe was not the only country being affected. Because of international alliances and colonization, everyone seemed to have extreme involvement causing for copious amounts of loss and hardship. Since the industrial revolution was booming there were obscene amounts of massive artillery as large as tanks. As well as strategies as intense as poison gas. The extreme situations soldiers were enduring did not go un written. Many soldiers were coming home “shell shocked,” missing limbs, or psychologically injured. Grenades and land mines were causing wounds unheard of before. Doctors were starting to advance in the plastic surgery aspect to better facilitate these horrid wounds. An interesting aspect of this work was “facial prosthetics” which before these injuries was looked at as unnecessary. But as wounded soldiers began to flood in, unrecognizable, something had to be done. The most advanced in this field was Anna Coleman Ladd an american sculptor. Who helped to advance in mold-making, modeling, and anatomy to create masks “lifelike.” World War I caused a much more bloody battle than anyone ever had expected. And like with any war people reacted, and people reacted in different ways. By either turning their cheek, making art, or serving their “duty.” Those who did express themselves artistically, starting drawing in alternative styles. As for other people they began to...
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