Business Heritage, Culture and Sustainability
Tutor: Hemi Hoskins
Student Name: Victor Chen
ID Number: 11778342
Due Date: Thursday, November 18th, 2010
1. Discuss how the Te Whanga Paemai case study illustrates the significance and contribution of Maori culture to New Zealand business. Your answer should include references to relevant tikanga and its co-existence with law.
Based on the information provided in the case study and the facts of the history, Maori culture did very important contribution to New Zealand economy and business. This kind of contribution has two sides: the acceleration on developing economy and business and protection on nature and traditional culture. Firstly, after the Te Whanga Paemai was settled by Ngati Tu Wha awei iwis, it provided an attractive settlement site to Maori: cliffs surrounding, various caves, excellent anchorage and natural springs. All these conditions are the foundation of economy and business development. Then, the Maoris started to hunt whales since they were the first iwis who contacted with Europeans. That was the initial development of Te Whanga Paemai. At that time, whale products especially oil were commodities highly demanded, Ngati Tu Wha awei Maoris made good revenue by selling these products to Europe, Asia and America to make fuel, lubrication, corsets, stays, horse whips and so on. The second part in business and economic development was the basically from the Treaty of Waitangi signed in 1840 and in 1862. Ngati Tu Wha awei sold their estate to the Crown for one thousand pounds, a clinic and a school. When they invested their Treaty settlement into tourism, porpoise watch and guide dives, it was their tradition – part of their culture that helped them in making commercial benefits. Also, as the case study said, their home stays, cultural performances and traditional food and art producing are cultural based businesses. With the development of recent years, more and more people came to Te Whanga Paemai for their holidays and tourisms. Apart from economic benefits they brought, there are disrespect, environment pollution and diminishing on the standard of living and lifestyle. These negative effects are mainly caused by visitors and further development. Since the local iwis are against such development and willing to preserve the natural beauty and health of the bay and their tradition, it is behaviour of maintaining long term existing, surviving and sustainable increasing on economy and business. Their culture is guiding them to balance economy, business and tradition and nature. It is a way of protecting New Zealand and its tradition.
2. Referring to relevant legislation outline changes that have occurred in New Zealand in terms of heritage management. Your answer should use the Te Whanga paemai case study to illustrate your points.
Ngati Tu Wha awei arrived at Te Whanga Paemai in approximately 1623, two hundred and seventeen years earlier than signing the Treaty of Waitangi. So before the Treaty, there were no official laws in New Zealand which could protect the peoples’ rights and relations between tribes. After the Europeans came to New Zealand and since the population of them became more and more, the British realized that they needed an official law to protect their rights and reinforce and make sure their domination. So in 1840 and in 1862, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed between the Great Britain and New Zealand Maori tribes. Then, the Treaty became the foundational document of the establishment of New Zealand. According to article the first, “The Chiefs of the Confederation of the United Tribes of New Zealand and the separate and independent Chiefs who have not become members of the Confederation cede to Her Majesty the Queen of England abs” (The Treaty of Waitangi, 1840, s. 1), The Treaty actually admitted the leadership...