This paper aims to find out the differences between the developmental strategies of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping are important characters of China's history. Both great leaders and both tried to bring about reform with China. In addition, through the facts that society in China has been changing in recent decades, evaluate the achievements of each in the contribution to economic and social development of China.
Developmental strategies of Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong has proposed many strategies in the construction of Chinese socialism. Below are the main points: 1. Mao addresses that in the socialist construction, China should combine Marxism-Leninism with the country’s real situation, taking the experience of Soviet Union as Warning, then go the Chinese own way. Mao insisted to learn, not to copy the successful experience of other countries in the exploration of Chinese socialist construction. 2. Mao's social-political programs taking the revolution and development of productivity as a compass for work. Such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. 3. Mao’s determination to speed up rate of economic advance, it also compare with Britain. (Source from: Lecture 4 notes) 4. Mao has made some basic economy strategies. He putted agriculture in a prominent position, the raised question about how to develop industry. 5. Mao’s determination to create a new socialist society-the first (non-soviet) ’communist society. Gathering all the positive elements to serve the socialist construction. Positive elements include the domestic and overseas power. This strategy is for improving productivity base on the large population and weak economy of China.
Developmental strategies of Deng Xiaoping
As Mao’s leadership...