Mannerism and Rococo Architecture

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STYLE FILE
Origin
Italy
France

Major Influences
*Italian art, painting and architecture
*Light-hearted themes on painting architecture and sculpture. *‘feminine style’- furniture, tapestry, clothing, interior design

Notable Features
*Intellectual and artificial, elongated forms, exaggerated and manipulated space * sophisticated, light and airy, elegant and curvy

Key Facts
*a reaction against the used of certainty in building structures *something out of the ‘conventional’
*no space for straight and plain lines, everything is elegant and sophisticated

Iconic Buildings in World Architecture
Palazzo del Te in Mantua
Basilica of the Vierehnheiligen in Germany

Key Buildings in the Philippines
Church of San Miguel Arcangel
Tanay Church
Miag-ao Church

The perfection of beauty in the Renaissance Period is on its height. Yet, some people had the passion to go for more. Through the power of imaginative minds, people try explore something new, things that are out of the ideal concept that the society tries to live in for so many years --- something unbalanced, artificial and not ideal but then intellectual, expressive, strong and elegant.

In the early 16th century, when proportion, symmetry and regularity of parts of Renaissance architecture are the emphasis and strong points of structures in the eyes of society, a new kind of artistic style showed up

known as Mannerism. A style that points out artificial and unbalanced but real character against the world’s ideal, symmetric and natural artistic style.

Mannerism is a traditional style in art and architecture that originated in Florence and Rome Italy and eventually spread throughout the northern part of Europe. It emerged as a reaction against the stability of form and perfect proportion of High Renaissance.

Trying to go out of the conventional style, mannerism was known for the distortion of its elements as oppose to the Renaissance’s style of

organizing space through proportional logic and rhythmic forms subjected to geometry. Experimenting with the forms, mannerist successfully give an emphasis on solid and spatial relationship. With the idealized forms developed in the former years, artists used it in unconventional ways through intentionally exaggerating and distorting the parts in order to show more power, heighten emotion and intensity and give more elegance to their masterpieces. In this way, mannerists opened new rooms for development and innovation of art in the form of architecture, painting and sculpture.

In the field of architecture, mannerists find their way to use architectural elements that features the accepted standards in different, difficult yet stimulating manner. This distinct way of interpreting ones expressions and ideas captivates the attention and interest of people.

One of the buildings known for its mannerist style is the design of Guilio Romano for the Palazzo del Te in Mantua, Italy. He displayed such imaginative and innovative designs using the accepted classical features of a structure. Looking in the structure itself, the mannerist style was clearly scene on its unconventional architectural setting such as the predicament corners that do not meet and the bulky columns that support an almost weightless narrow cornice. He played around its regular form through making the façade not symmetric. Varying the rhythmic effect created by repetition and putting the columns in not regular spans he created a palace that is the same to a normal structure yet different.

Thinking beyond the norms shows the developing and maturing self-consciousness of people as time passes by.

Indeed, the search for knowledge has no limit. Looking at the big picture, people always try to find something new and find ways to make it as the new trend in the present time. As another century begins, a new kind of style shows up, an impressive and extravagant European art that is known to be the Baroque style.

Baroque is a...
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