1} How can managers improve their perceptual skills?
Social perception is the process of interpreting information about another person. In order for managers to improve their perceptual skills they need to understand individual differences; which are the factors such as skills, abilities, values and ethics differ from one individual to another. Managers need to respect, and accept the differences in cultures of individuals and use them to the best way possible.
For the improvement in perceptual skills, managers should also have the knowledge about personality characteristics (core self-evaluations, self-monitoring, and positive/negative affect) in order to perceive an employee better. Moreover, perception is influenced by characteristics of the perceiver, target and the situation which managers must keep in consideration. Managers need to understand the barriers to perception which may prevent them from perceiving an individual accurately. Managers do need to know themselves before they can perceive accurately of others as well.
2} Which has the stronger impact on personality: heredity or environment?
Personality can be defined as characteristics that play a role in the way an individual behaves. Heredity, which is a determinant of personality, can be defined as; characteristics an individual genetically derives from his/her ancestors. Environment, which is also a determinant of personality can be defined as; the combination of social and cultural conditions, family influences, educational influences and other environmental factors that influence personality of an individual.
Our personality is impacted by a combination of heredity as well as the environment. Additionally, an individual's personality may vary in a set environment. For example; by nature, an individual's personality might be of a reserved, quiet and timid person. However, in a work environment, the individual may be assertive and sociable due to his/her position at work which...
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