Malaysia Airlines, the country’s national carrier, was first incorporated as Malayan Airways Limited (MAL) on 12 October 1937. It was a joint initiative of the Ocean Steamship Company of Liverpool, the Straits Steamship of Singapore and Imperial Airways which led to a proposal to the Colonial Straits Settlement government to run an air service between Penang and Singapore. On 2 April 1947, MAL took to the skies with its first commercial flight as the national airline. Fuelled by a young and dynamic team of visionaries, the domestic carrier turned into an international airline in less than a decade. With the formation of Malaysia in 1963, the airline changed its name to Malaysian Airlines Limited. In 1965, with the separation of Singapore from Malaysia, MAL became a bi-national airline and was renamed Malaysia-Singapore Airlines (MSA). However, in 1973, the partners went separate ways. Malaysia introduced Malaysian Airline Limited, which was subsequently renamed Malaysian Airline System or in short, Malaysia Airlines. Today, Malaysia Airlines flies an average of 43,000 passengers daily to some 100 destinations worldwide and holds a lengthy record of service and best practices excellence. It was the recipient of the inaugural "World's Best Cabin Staff" award by Skytrax,UK in 2001 and continued to retain this title for 2002-2004, 2007 and 2009 - the most for any airline. In 2010, Malaysia Airlines was recognised as the ‘World's Leading Airline to Asia’, ‘Asia's Leading Airline’ and ‘Asia's Leading Business Class Airline’ by World Travel Awards (WTA). This year, WTA honoured Malaysia Airlines as ‘Asia's Leading Airline’ and ‘Asia's Leading Airline Lounge’. The national carrier's engineering subsidiary, Malaysian Aerospace Engineering (MAE), has also been acknowledged as the top airline affiliated Maintenance and Repair Organisation (MRO) in the world by Aviation Week's Overhaul & Maintenance magazine. Its current fleet includes Boeing 747-400, B777-200, Airbus 330-300, Airbus 330-200, Boeing 737-800 and Boeing 737-400. By the second quarter of 2012, Malaysia Airlines will also join the league of the Airbus A380 operators, when the first of the six aircraft ordered enters into service. The national carrier will be the eighth airline in the world to operate this biggest commercial aircraft. Malaysia Airlines is set to join oneworld by end of 2012, adding one of aviation's most frequent award winners to the world leading quality airline alliance. When it becomes part of oneworld, its customer will gain access to the alliance's truly global network. It will expand oneworld's global coverage to almost 950 destinations in 150 countries, served by a combined fleet of more than 2,600 aircrafts operating some 10,000 flights a day.
AirAsia is a Malaysian-based low-cost airline. AirAsia is Asia's largest low-fare, no-frills airline and a pioneer of low-cost travel in Asia. AirAsia was established in 1993 and began operations on 18 November 1996. It was originally founded by a government-owned conglomerate, DRB-Hicom. On 2 December 2001 the heavily-indebted airline was bought by former Time Warner executive Tony Fernandes's company Tune Air Sdn Bhd for the token sum of one ringgit with USD 11 million worth of debts. Fernandes turned the company around, producing a profit in 2002 and launching new routes from its hub in Kuala Lumpur, undercutting former monopoly operator Malaysia Airlines with promotional fares as low as MYR 1. In 2003, AirAsia opened a second hub at Senai International Airport in Johor Bahru near Singapore and launched its first international flight to Bangkok. AirAsia has since started a Thai subsidiary, added Singapore itself to the destination list, and started flights to Indonesia. Flights to Macau began in June 2004, and flights to mainland China (Xiamen) and the Philippines (Manila) in April 2005. Flights to Vietnam and Cambodia followed later in...