Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) was known as a vital figure for the Indian Independence Movement and also known for putting forward the philosophy of upholding non-violence and pacifism. Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar (ruled by British Indian Empire). He was a sacrificial hero to all at the time when India gained independence.
Gandhi studied law at the age of twenty-two and spent another twenty years helping South Africa protect the rights of South African immigrants. He then proudly returned to India and became a leader of the Indian National Congress. He remained calm and non-violent in front of the British Empire as they treated the Indians with abusive disrespect and hatred.
Gandhi had worked hard to stop the slaughter of many Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs. He wanted India to gain Independence from the dominating British Empire. Understanding the British he led many protests e.g. protesting the national salt tax, which was a 400km walk and had impatiently asked for the Empire to leave India. His courage and bravery was intelligent but his focused mind also led him to jail (He had been sent to jail a lot of times in his life). Eventually India had gained Independence on 15th August 1947 from his urges of making the British leave.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi had become a hero and was called Mahatma Gandhi. The word ‘Mahatma’ meant ‘great soul’ and there was a public holiday named after him called the ‘Gandhi Jayanti’. A Hindu Nationalist who thought Gandhi was too compassionate about India’s Muslims soon assassinated Gandhi on 30th January 1948.