Machu Picchu

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Machu Picchu


This paper deals about one of the world wonders Machu Picchu. This paper deals about the geometric and the cultural heritage of Machu Picchu. This paper also deals about the flora and fauna present in that region. This paper mostly concentrates on the architectural features of the Machu Picchu. This paper deals on the characteristic features which made UNO to announce Machu Picchu as one of the world wonders of the Earth. The heritage Machu Picchu is the key topic in this paper. This paper studies how Machu Picchu thrives in distant moments, can bring teachings to the understanding of contemporary urban configuration and public space appropriation. This paper has two main aims. The first is to describe a research technique that involves following in the footsteps of a poet at the beginning stages of the creation of a poem, in order to get a Greater understanding of it, and in the hope of producing a better translation.


The ancient city of Machu Picchu is a symbol of community and dedication. Machu Picchu is an ancient Inca city in the Peruvian Andes, which was built around 1440. It was discovered in 1911 by the archaeologist Hiram Bingham. Machu Picchu is a testament to the incredible vision and engineering prowess of the Incas. An interesting feature of Machu Picchu is the evidence that it was a farming site. This is because of its location deep in the remote mountains, the irrigation techniques that had to be used to make the land viable rival sophisticated techniques used today. Machu Picchu is a protected site as well as a travel destination.


Machu Picchu is in south-central Peru, 75 km northwest of Cuzco in the highest part of the eastern Andes, sited on a narrow ridge 650m above the Rio Urubamba, an upper tributary of the Amazon, at 13°10’19” to 13°14’00”S by 72°30’05” to 72°34’33”W.


The Republic of Peru, Department of Cuzco (Peruvian Delegation to UNESCO, 2005). Administered by the National Institute for Culture (INC) and the National Institute for Natural Resources (INRENA) plus the national Vice Minister for Tourism and the President of the Cusco regional government.


32,592 ha


Ranges from 1,850m to > 4,600m. The ruins lie at 2,430 ha. PHYSICAL FEATURES

Machu Picchu lies between the selva alta and yunga zones of the Andean plateau in the steep and highly dissected topography of the eastern high Andes, rising from a deep gorge to glacier-bearing mountains. The ruins rise just above cloud forest on the flattened top of a narrow steep-sided ridge which rises within but some 650m above a meander of the Rio Urubamba (Rio Vilcanoto) canyon.

The spectacular site is on the northern end of the Cordillera de Vilcanoto facing the Cordillera de Vilcabamba across the valley which rise in the nearby tutelary mountain of Cerro Salccantay to 6,271 meters, and lies in the shelter of these peaks.

The ridge forms a saddle at 2,430m between a humpbacked mountain (Machu Picchu, 2,795m) and a pinnacle, Huayna Picchu (2,667m) which overlook the ruins. The remaining buildings are single storey and built of a local white granite. They comprise the upper ceremonial buildings - palace, temples and tombs - separated by a long plaza from the peoples’ housing and agricultural terraces below.

Geologically the area is a complex of intrusive lavas and metamorphic rocks. Ordovician schists, slates and quartzites lie under a layer of Cretaceo-Quaternary marine sedimentary rocks. The area is prone to earthquakes and a fault line crosses Machu Picchu. There are hot springs nearby at Aguas Calientes. Most of the soils are acid, poorly developed and shallow. In the valleys below, colluvial and alluvial soils and rocky detritus predominate. The hillsides were carefully terraced by the Incas to conserve the thin soil, but under heavy rains the slopes are liable to...
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