The Long Term Causes of The French Revolution

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This paper is on the The Long Term Causes of the French Revolution. It will

explain events that leaded up to the revolution and how they occured and caused the great

revolution to happen.

Louis XVI, who was of the royal house of Bourban, became the absolute monarch

of France when his grand father Louis XV died. When Louis the XVI became king,

France was having a lot of problems, and was changing very fast. So France needed a

strong leader to make wise decisons and to deal with problems with the French people.

Although Louis had lot's of good Ideas he was weak ruler and he could not make the

decisons need at the time.

In 1770 when Louis was fifeteen he married the fourteen year old Marie

Antoinette, who was the daughter Maria Theresa, the Emperss of Austria. the marriage

was set up to build a stronger alliance between France and Austria. During the fist couple

of years they were married she became extreamly unpopular. The reason why she became

so unpopular is because she liked to spend allot of money which the people thought was

just a waste of time. Because of this she was nicked named 'Madam Deficit' (1) The

people blamed a lot of the countries problems on her because they dispised her so much.

Even though France was going through hard times the majority of people liked

Louis, but he had little or nothing to do with the lower class, he spent allot of time with

the Nobles of France and was generally surrounded by thousands of Nobles in the Palace

at Versailles. Louis did know to much what was going on in the country in which he ruled,

especially in the Debt that France had. France was suffering large finacile trouble and

owed allot of money to other countries.

'The Enlightenment is the popular name given to much of the philosophical

thought of the eighteenth century'(2). Under the Enlightenment there were many great

names in the field of philosophy names like: Locke, Voltaire and Rousseau were all

comanly known all through out the world. They tried to solve the problems that the lower

class were faced with. They commented against the Church, Nobility and any body else

they felt were robbing the lower class from there rights and freedoms which they felt every

one was able to have and should have. Most of them did not want to take the throne away

from the King but they did how ever feel that the should have a Constitional Monarchy,

they wanted a more democratic government that gave the people more of a say.

Some people criticized against the Philoshers because the thought that they

wanted to destroy French Society. But what these people did not realize is that most of

them wanted to improve the society in which they were living. After seing the success of

the Amercain war of Independence was a success this also got people thinking of what it

would be like to press for there right to obtain there own goverenment.

In theroy France was a well united county but is was not really the Nobles were

jelouse of the king and they thought of him as a threat, At the same time the middle class

were jelouse of the nobles because the Nobles held all the important offices. The Church

was like the Nobles and had feudal rights that no one else had this also made the middle

class jelouse because the Church was making allot of money and they had to pay no taxes.

Therefore all the taxes fell on thoes who could least afford to pay them Although

life was improving for the middle class life was getting worse and worse all the time for

the lower class It was estimated in the years 1771 and 1789 there were 7 million beggars

in France.

The kings series of Finance ministers suggested to the king that every one and all

land should be taxed, but these Ideas did not suite the Nobles and louis was to weak of a

ruler to go against the Noble of France. because of this the lower class started looking at

the success of...
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