Future of Long Term Care
An increasing proportion of elders in the population are projected for the next few decades. An increase of 76% is expected by 2030. Because the incidence of chronic illness and disability is correlated with advancing age, the demand for long-term care will correspondingly increase. Older persons will also be more ethnically and racially diverse. These circumstances cause concerns about the adequacy of long-term care services to assist culturally dissimilar elders with the management of chronic illnesses, functional impairment, and promotion of health to forestall institutionalization, maintain safety, and enhance quality of life. Although there are a number of options with specific advantages available for long-term care, these vary by state jurisdiction, have specific disadvantages, and typically present a difficult decision for older persons and their families (Ellis & Roadman, 2011). Long-term care refers to assisting persons with health care and activities of daily living over an extended period of time. Long-term care takes place in the home and in a variety of community-based facilities. Mainly older people need long-term care, but younger persons with disabilities and chronic illnesses may also require the services. There is a continuum of long-term care options, ranging from home without services, home with services, adult day care and respite, board and room homes, elder group homes, residential facilities, assisting living facilities, and nursing homes (Sammer, 2011)
The population of Americans is increasing because the death rate is decreasing. People are living longer and reaching old age. The long-term care is also required to be considered within the national health reform by the policymakers. The paper aims to discuss the expected future of long-term care. Aging population demands more of the long-term care services and support. About 10...