Link Between Federalism and Good Governance

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TOPIC. THE NEXUS/RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FEDERALISM AND GOOD GOVERNANCE? The underlisted are some definitions of federalism, types, reasons for, features, merit and demerit and problems associated with the concept. Types of Federalism

Dual federalism, also known as "layer cake federalism" involves clearly enumerated powers between the national and state governments, and sovereignty in equal spheres. Cooperative federalism, also known as "marble cake federalism," involved the national and state governments sharing functions and collaborating on major national priorities. This relationship predominated between 1930 and 1960. Creative federalism, also known as "picket fence federalism," predominated during the period of 1960 to 1980. This relationship was characterized by overloaded cooperation and crosscutting regulations. REASONS FOR FEDERALISM

Need for Unity
Elimination of Inequalities
Geographical Proximity
Economic Exigencies
Security /Defence Mechanism
Historical Antecedent
Administrative Convenient
Features of Federation
Every federation has a written Constitution which is the supreme law of the land There exist in a federation a Supreme Court
Every federation has a Bi-cameral legislature. In Nigeria’s context, we have the Senate and the House of Representatives, all called the National assembly while in USA they are called Congress It has a rigid constitution

Some merits and demerits
It engenders political participation
It ensures rapid development of a country as powers are shared It ensures political autonomy for the component units etc Demerits
Duplication of functions/duties
Predisposition to Succession
Unwholesome power tussle over federal resources and resource control Rivalry between and among tiers and...
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