-in physical space
Which are the major ways that variation occurs in language. We can understand by variation that is the way language changes, a general term, general changes. And by change we can understand that is when a word, the pronunciation, etc. is modified overtime. In fewer words is the modification of a special concept. So "a language change has its origins in variation" (Holmes, 212) its understood that when a new form is spread it means that the change its being done. And if at the end the new form is now used instead of the old one it means it has already completed the change. That's called fait accompli'.
The changes spread depending on the social factors such as gender, status, age, region, etc. "Linguistic changes infiltrate groups from the speech of people on the margins between social or regional groups via the middle' people who have contact in more than one group" (Holmes 218) this is called change from group to group, and it determines that the middle class has much more contact than for example the high with the low, but as an intermediate the changes can be made in all groups, specially if it comes from the...