Life Insurance

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  • Topic: Insurance, Insurance in India, Mutual insurance
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  • Published : January 25, 2013
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IJMBs Vol. 1, Issue 3, septeMBer 2011

I S S N : 2 3 3 0 - 9 5 1 9 (O n l i n e ) | I S S N : 2 2 3 1-2463 ( P r in t)

Life Insurance Industry in India - Current Scenario
1

Dr. Sonika Chaudhary, 2Priti Kiran
1,2

RGI, Mohali, Punjab, India

Abstract When life insurance companies started operating in the middle of 20th century in the country, the evil play natural to all business had its sway. There was a lot of cut throat competition as well as profiteering. As a result Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) came into existence on 1st September, 1956 after nationalization of all the 245 companies engaged in life insurance business. However, Government made a paradigm shift in the economic policy by adopting the process of liberalization, privatization and globalization at the end of previous decade. Consequently, Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) has been established under IRDA Act, 1999 to regulate the insurance business in the country. As a result, private sector has been allowed entry both in general and life insurance sector in India. Life insurance industry expanded tremendously from 2000 onwards in terms of number of offices, number of agents, new business policies, premium income etc. Further, many new products (like ULIPs, pension plans etc.) and riders were provided by the life insurers to suit the requirements of various customers. Keywords Riders; Life Insurance New Business; Business Policies Underwritten; Lapse Ratio; and Maturity and Survival Benefits Claims. I. Introduction The insurance is primarily a social device adopted by civilized society for mitigating the incidence of loss of income to families by unforeseen contingencies. In India, when life insurance companies started operating in the middle of 20th century the evil play natural to all business had its sway. There was a lot of cut throat competition as well as profiteering. The avowed social objective of insurance had been totally relegated to background. As a result Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) came into existence on 1st September, 1956 after nationalization of all the 245 companies engaged in life insurance business. From its very inception, the Corporation has made impressive growth always striving for further improvement. However, Government made a paradigm shift in the economic policy by adopting the process of liberalization, privatization and globalization at the end of previous decade. Consequently a committee was set up under the chairmanship of Mr. Malholtra, Ex-governor of RBI for undertaking various reforms in the insurance sector in the light of new economic policy. The Committee which submitted his report in 1993 recommended the establishment of a special regulatory agency along the lines of SEBI and opening of insurance industry for private sector. This was aggressively opposed by the various trade unions of then operating insurance companies which led to some delay in implementation of Malhotra Committee’s recommendations. However, the Government passed Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) Act in 1999 and established IRDA to regulate the insurance business in the country. As a result, private sector was allowed entry both in general and life insurance sector in India. IRDA also allowed foreign participation up to 26 per cent in equity shareholding of private companies. As a result many companies (both in general and life insurance) got themselves registered with IRDA to operate

in India. Presently, twenty life insurance companies (Annexure I) are operating in private sector in addition to LIC from public sector. II. Review Of Literature While earlier studies on life insurance sector mainly focused upon LIC, it was only after reforms in this sector that certain studies covering private players have taken place. Among early studies, Arora (2002) highlighted that LIC was likely to face tough competition from private insurers having large established network and their...
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