The 2011 Libyan civil war is an ongoing armed conflict in the North African state of Libya being fought between those seeking to depose Muammar Gaddafi and hold democratic elections, and pro-Gaddafi forces. Muammar Gaddafi has been the de-facto ruler of Libya since 1969 and has ruled the country without any election or a constitution. In late January, Jamal al-Hajji, a writer, political commentator called for demonstrations to be held in support of greater freedoms in Libya. He was arrested on 1 February. Gaddafi warned them that they would be held responsible if they disturbed the peace or created chaos in Libya The situation began as a series of peaceful protests on 15 February 2011. which Gaddafi's attempted to repress. The rebels demand the ouster of Gaddafi and comprehensive political and economic reforms Within a week, this uprising spread across the country and Gaddafi was struggling to retain control. Gaddafi responded with military force. The situation escalated into armed conflict, with rebels establishing a coalition named the Transitional National Council based in Benghazi. The International Criminal Court warned Gaddafi that he and members of his government may have committed crimes against humanity. The United Nations Security Council passed an initial resolution freezing the assets of Gaddafi and ten members of his inner circle. The resolution also referred the actions of the government to the International Criminal Court for investigation. In early March, Gaddafi's forces pushed eastwards and re-took several coastal cities before attacking Benghazi. U.N. resolution authorized to establish and enforce a no-fly zone over Libya. The Gaddafi government then announced a ceasefire, but failed to uphold it.
 Uprising and civil war
The protests and confrontations began in earnest on 15 February 2011. On the evening of 15 February, between 500 and 600 protesters chanted slogans in front of the police headquarters in Benghazi. The...
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