Let Every Nation Know - Worksheet Answers

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Victor Mateo
HIST 111
Prof. Sleeper

“Let Every Nation Know” Worksheet

1. Had JFK not gotten into politics, he would have continued a career in journalism (pg. 5). In 1945, he was hired to cover the UN conference in San Francisco by the Chicago Herald-American. A school friend even said his temperament was better suited for writing (pg4). After his plane exploded over the English Chanel, JFK was devastated. Symbols changed from a blue star to gold so everyone will know there was a loss. To help with his grief, JFK wrote a memorial book called “As We Remember Joe”; it was later privately published.

2. JFK had entered the campaign “too late” in today’s political sphere, but in the 1960’s it was simple late but doable. His youth and religion caused the media not to take his run for presidency as serious – to the point of assuming he was running for the VP seat as opposed to presidency. JFK had to convince the public and the Democrats that he was not too young for the presidential seat. Because of the lack of fast communication, but primaries in only 10 states, the campaign was fast paced. In addition, it forced him persuade privately and not just show his face at different venues (pg. 15). Would JFK’s obstacles be an issue today? I don’t think so. Today’s voters are more open to accepting his youth openly. Because of today’s multimedia access, candidates can literally reach millions in one day.

3. Eisenhower was a symbol of a fading generation (pg. 21). JFK said we need a man who will stand and fight, not be an innocent bystander in the legislative process (from speech and pg. 22). He also called the current President tired and perplexed; out of touch with WWII vets. “He [Eisenhower] was detached at a time when the country was brimming with vigor… When times demanded focus, he was aimless” (speech). In defense to the attacks of his Catholic faith, JFK asked this rhetorical question; “I’m able to serve in congress, and my brother was able to give his life, but we can’t be president?” (pg. 25). With many of these, JFK countered the attacks on his age by exposing Eisenhower's disconnect to the country’s youth. Do I believe they were effective? I believe they were; especially his defense to the attacks on his faith.

4. Many political observers believed the first debate wouldn’t be viewed as much as the last would be (pg. 49). Because of an infected cut on his knee due to him bumping it on a car, Nixon was hospitalized for two weeks. In an attempt to make up lost time, he did “too much too soon” leading to a 103°F fever. Nevertheless, he gave a speech prior to arriving at the debate. Arriving exhausted, obviously having lost some weight (the neck of his shirt fit bigger), unwilling to wear make-up, and with only a half-hearted shave, “Nixon looked miserable.” In addition, he had previously run around Chicago (pg. 45-46).

5. Among the many things he said, the one theme of JFK’s that really made an impression was his call to unity as a nation of people, not just individuals within a nation. Many times throughout the speech he comes back to this topic of sharing the burden. No political leader comes to mind when I hear JFK except JFK. He was a man in his own category with his own blend of uniqueness and great leadership. Not just sympathetic, but empathetic and genuine as well.

6. JFK’s motives had some national self-interest tied to forming the Peace Corps. He observed that the American presence in developing countries and emerging markets was lacking making for more opposing votes to U.S. interests in the UN. JFK viewed the Peace Corps as a way to counter the small number of African-Americans in Foreign Service. JFK also mentioned that communist up-and-coming doctors were studying the native languages of the places they would be sent to (pg. 85-87). JFK formed the program called Alliance for Progress because he wanted to make good on his statement of converting “good words” into “good deeds” with...
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