Legal tender is that money which is officially designated by the governments as an adequate instrument for the discharge of obligations stated to be payable in domestic money. A creditor has no legal right to refuse an offer of legal tender money by a debtor in fulfillment of a general monetary obligations. The governments declare certain kinds of money in circulation to be legal tender or legal means of payment with the dual purpose of increasing their acceptability and clarifying the legal position of debtor and creditor in discharging the obligations calling for money payments.
Depending upon the degree or extent to which money pieces of different denomination in circulation are legally acceptable, legal tender money is further classified as limited legal tender and unlimited legal tender. Subsidiary coins of smaller denominations are legal tender for only limited amounts. The standard coins and currency notes of varying denominations on the other hand are unlimited legal tender.
Optional money: It is that money which is ordinarily accepted by the people towards making any final payments; however, has no legal sanction behind it. The credit instruments like cheques, drafts, bills of exchange, promissory notes etc. are optional money. Noone can be forced to accept them; however, they are generally accepted because people have confidence in the credit of the paper. The optional money is also called as credit money. Robertson has called legal tender money as common money and optional money as bank money.
In the advanced economies, particularly credit money constitutes the major port of the money stock in the hands of the public. It should be clearly understood that legal tender powers may increase the acceptability of a money to some degree, but the grant of such powers is neither a necessity nor a firm assurance of acceptability.
Money proper or actual money is that money which circulates in a country as a medium of exchange. It is the form of money...
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