Pakistan is an embattled state, but at the same time Pakistan and its people are also a misunderstood nation.
This article is a contribution to the ongoing debate about
implementing rule of law in Pakistan. Rule of law requires the unity of law which is mostly in the form of state law. Pakistan is a legally plural society where completely different and independent systems of law like the Islamic law, the state law and the
traditional law exist. The state and the state law though do not acknowledge and accept the non-state laws as laws but the reality is that the dominant practiced law in Pakistan is the traditional law. Traditional law is found in a variety of forms like panchayts, jirgas, informal meetings of families, is dispensed by pirs, or chaudharys, etc. This is because people practice law according to their social structure and value system.
Pakistan is a war zone facing serious threats from militants and terrorists besides a number of other problems and difficulties that urgently demand the establishment of democratic structures as well as rule of law. In the light of the current crisis, high-ranking guests from Pakistan and various German experts discussed structures and deficits of rule of law as well as the current state of affairs, parallel legal systems, the relationship between politics and judiciary and the role of political parties and society.