Land Use Policy 21 (2004) 347–355
Major issues in Indonesia’s urban land development
Department of Regional and City Planning, Institute of Technology, Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia Received 13 December 2002; received in revised form 10 April 2003; accepted 24 April 2003
Abstract This article addresses issues of urban land development in Indonesia, including urban land use; ownership and transfers; land taxation; and land information systems. Until very recently, urban land-use planning in Indonesia was largely top-down in character and neglected to include the public as a stakeholder. This article argues that the role of government in urban land-use development needs to change at all levels and that the capacity of local government in land-use management needs to be strengthened. The presence of private developers in urban development should be encouraged. Land development permits—as a means of urban development control—while they may still be necessary should be granted primarily in relation to urban land-use plans (RUTR). Land taxation instruments have not been effectively applied to control land utilisation in the cities. Data and information on land affairs are lacking. r 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Urban land policy; Indonesia
Introduction This article considers several key issues relating to urban land development in Indonesia. Although several aspects of urban land policy reform in Indonesia have been examined previously (see Firman, 1998), this area needs to be revisited as the recent economic crisis and current sociopolitical situation have greatly affected urban socio-economic and physical conditions in Indonesia, including urban land use. This article aims to offer an update on the situation of urban land development in Indonesia. With a population of over 206 million people in 2003, Indonesia is one of the most highly populated countries in the world, following...