John Dryden: An Influential English Poet

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John Dryden :his born in 1631- 1700 is an influential English poet , literary critic , and play write who dominated the literary life of the Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known in literary circle as the Age of Dryden . when the great play of London close the theater in 1665 , Dryden retreated to Wilt Shire where he wrote ' Of Dramatic Poetry ' that in was 1668 , it is the best of his unsystematic prophesies and essays . Of dramatic poetry takes the form of dialogue in which four character , each based on prominent contemporary , with Dryden himself as Neander debate the merits of classical French and English drama . And he is the one who establish the heroic couplet in poetry .

" among the rest , it was …. " introduce the character Eugeinus ( Morden Drama) , Crites (ancient Drama) , Lisideius (French Drama ) and Neander (English Drama ) . They famous people because they are poets like Dryden . He use borrowed names because he doesn’t want mention their name because he shows the discourse so he doesn't want hurt any one . The whole essay about << it’s a dialogue between four characters, these four characters are Eurypides, Crites, Lisideius and Neander 1- Crites >> for ancient drama

2- Eugenius >> for modern drama
3- Lisideius >> for French drama
4- Neander >> for English drama

A- The first debate start with Crites defending ancient dramatic poetry : 1- " If confidence presage …. " he speaks to Eugenius . " Our great praise … "we imitate the ancient it is good credit to us why ? because they are the one invented drama and help it to get mature and the modern for us built by foundation as was he said . 2- " yet poesie being then … " in old time the drama had more value than now because of that there was a kind of competition because it was high esteem ( value ) , there were judges to judge the merits of the poetry and there were historian to record the achievement the poets . " nut now since the Reward …. " but now there is no prize of honur give it to the poem , and the competition based on Malice (so hate each other ) . " And this , in short , … "in the ancient times the judges were reward the poets and just judges and fair but now there are a few good poets and a lot of judges with hard judge for that we and that is not good . 3- "those ancient .. …plays" ancient are faithful imitators of natural and also they have wisdom when they observe nature opposite us is v badly represented in our plays . 4- " out of these two … " from these works they produced famous rules the three unity : place , time , and action a- Unity of time in the play they ….. ancient are truly observe this unity but now they don't observe it as like the ancient . "for t

b- Unity of place , " for the abservation … " they are v careful in this unity of place and in the one scene can't see the places of change until we move in the act if the act begin in a Garden it is ended in the same place so they don't change the places even the French not only the ancient .

C-Unity of action, it is the third one
[22] As for the third Unity which is that of Action, the Ancients meant no other by it then what the Logicians do by their Finis, the end or scope of an action: that which is the first in Intention, and last in Execution: now the Poet is to aim at one great and complete action, >> so the poet is to aim at one great and complete action, one major and main plot ( to the carrying on of which all things in his Play,>> so all the things and the development in the play are biased on this main action even the very obstacles, are to be subservient; >> they are minor and help the main action and the reason of this is as evident as any of the former). [23] For two Actions equally labour'd and driven on by the Writer, would destroy the unity of the Poem; >> one more action would destroy the unity according to...
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