Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived.[8] His monograph Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, laid the foundations for most of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton showed that the motion of objects on Earth and that of celestial bodies is governed by the same set of natural laws: by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation he removed the last doubts about heliocentrism and advanced the scientific revolution. The Principia is generally considered to be one of the most important scientific books ever written, both due to the specific physical laws the work successfully described, and for its style, which assisted in setting standards for scientific publication down to the present time. Newton built the first practical reflecting telescope[9] and developed a theory of colour based on the observation that a prism decomposes white light into the many colours that form the visible spectrum. He also formulated an empirical law of cooling and studied the speed of sound. In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of differential and integral calculus. He generalized the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents, developed Newton's method for approximating theroots of a function, and contributed to the study of power series. Although an unorthodox Christian, Newton was deeply religious and his occult studies took up a substantial part of his life. He secretly rejected Trinitarianism and refused holy orders.[10] Contents [Hide] 1 Life1.1 Early life1.2 Middle years1.2.1 Mathematics1.2.2 Optics1.2.3 Mechanics and gravitation1.3 Classification of cubics1.4 Later life1.5 After death1.5.1 Fame1.5.2 Commemorations1.6 In popular culture2 Personal life3 Religious views3.1 Effect on religious thought3.2 End of the world4 Enlightenment philosophers5 Counterfeiters6 Laws of motion7 Apple incident8 Writings9 See also10 References11 Bibliography12 Further reading13 External links| Life

Early life
Main article: Early life of Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton was born (according to the Julian calendar in use in England at the time) on Christmas Day, 25 December 1642, (NS 4 January 1643.[1]) at Woolsthorpe Manor in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, a hamlet in the county of Lincolnshire. He was born three months after the death of his father, a prosperous farmer also named Isaac Newton. Born prematurely, he was a small child; his mother Hannah Ayscough reportedly said that he could have fit inside a quart mug (≈ 1.1 litres). When Newton was three, his mother remarried and went to live with her new husband, the Reverend Barnabus Smith, leaving her son in the care of his maternal grandmother, Margery Ayscough. The young Isaac disliked his stepfather and maintained some enmity towards his mother for marrying him, as revealed by this entry in a list of sins committed up to the age of 19: "Threatening my father and mother Smith to burn them and the house over them."[11] Although it was claimed that he was once engaged,[12] Newton never married.

Newton in a 1702 portrait by Godfrey Kneller

Isaac Newton (Bolton, Sarah K. Famous Men of Science. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 1889) From the age of about twelve until he was seventeen, Newton was educated at The King's School, Grantham. He was removed from school, and by October 1659, he was to be found at Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, where his mother, widowed by now for a second time, attempted to make a farmer of him. He hated farming.[13] Henry Stokes, master at the King's School, persuaded his mother to...

...Sarah DeGarso
Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton made a multitude of discoveries that are still relevant in today’s academia. Many people have referred to him as one of the most important scientist that has ever lived. He is mostly known by his Theory of Universal Gravity and laws of motion, Newton’s laws, but he also influenced the areas of math and optics. Newton had a passion for alchemy and astrology. Today Newton’s laws of motion and gravity theory are still taught in schools as one of the most fundamental parts of physical science. Newton’s discoveries made an impact on academics and how the physical world was viewed.
Isaac Newton was born in 1642 in Lincolnshire, England. He attended trinity College at Cambridge University from 1661 to 1665 where for the majority of the time studied logic, ethics, physics, and rhetoric of Aristotle. (The Life and Work of Isaac Newton2012 ) between 1664 and 1667 Newton, influenced by the work of Galileo, Descartes, and Kepler, invented calculus, worked with spectrums, and made the discoveries that led to the law of universal gravitation. In 1667 he was elected a fellow of Trinity College. He became Lucasian professor in 1669 and was elected into the Royal Society in 1672.
It is very well known that Isaac Newton first received the idea of universal gravity when he witnessed an apple falling in his family orchard. He compared the force needed to hold the...

...Sir IssacNewtonNewton was born on December 25,1642. He was an English
mathematician and physicist, considered one of the greatest
scientist in history, who made important contributions to many
fields of science. His discoveries and theories laid the
foundation for much of the progress in science since his time.
Newton was one of the inventors of the branch of mathematics
called Calculus. He also solved the mysteries of light and
optics. Formulated the three laws of motions, and derived from
them the law of universal gravitation.
Newton's birth place was at Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in
Linclonshire. Where he lived with his widowed mother, Until
around his third birthday. At this time his mother remarried,
leaving him in the care of his Grandmother and sent to grammar
school in Grantham. Later, in the Summer of 1661, he was sent to
Trinity Collage, at the University of Cambridge. Newton received
his bachelors degree in 1665. After an intermission of nearly two
years to avoid the plague, Newton returned to Trinity, Which
elected him to a fellowship in 1667. He received his master
degree in 1668. Newton ignored much of the established curriculum
of the University to pursue his own interests: mathematics and
natural philosophy.
By joining them in what he called the Fluxional method,
Newton developed in the autumn of 1666 a kind of mathematics that
is now...

...Marcus Tung
Friday, October 5, 2012
Lab Report: Newton’s Second Law
Trial: 1
|Mass of cart with sensors (kg) |0.877 kg |
|Regression line for force vs. acceleration data |
|Y= 0.8325x + 0.05480 |
| |Force pulling cart (N) |Acceleration (m/s²) |
|Force closest to 1.0 N |1.006 |1.27 |
|Force closest to -1.0 N |-1.009 |-1.15 |
[pic]
Trial: 2
|Mass of sensors with additional mass (kg) |1.377 kg |
|Regression line for force vs. acceleration data |
|Y= 1.47x + 0.007312 |
| |Force pulling cart (N) |Acceleration (m/s²) |
|Force...

...| Car times (s) +500g |
trail 1 | 0.79 | 1.39 |
trail 2 | 1.00 | 1.40 |
trail 3 | 1.06 | 1.56 |
trail 4 | 0.82 | 1.58 |
trail 5 | 0.98 | 1.69 |
average | 0.93 | 1.49 |
| | |
| Force on System 1 (Newtons) | Force on System 2 (Newtons) |
trail 1 | 0.50 | 1.50 |
trail 2 | 0.45 | 1.50 |
trail 3 | 0.50 | 1.50 |
trail 4 | 0.49 | 1.40 |
Each group had to read and record the force measurements in Newtons with the two car pulley system. Additionally, our group had used the same mass for the cars from the previous lab: 0.261 kilograms. The magnitudes of the cars are relatively constant.
IV. Analysis of Data:
Before calculating many equations, one had to understand Newton’s Third Law. The calculations for the second part of the lab would have been nearly impossible unless one understood that FT= -Fg=F1+F2. With this in mind, it was possible to ascertain that understand thatF2=-F1+Fg. Knowing this, one would be able to understand that the acceleration on the system is the same throughout. Also, it is extremely important that one must correctly change units into for the needed equations. Otherwise, almost all of the equations will be void.
mass of the car | acceleration of car (m/s2) | F=(m1+m2)a (Newtons) | Fnet= (m2)(9.80m/s2) (Newtons) | Percent error/difference |
0.261kg (x1 car) | 1.84999 | 0.57534689 | 0.49 | 17.4177 |
0.763kg (x1 car + 500g) | 0.720688 | 1.50404187...

...1 Book: 1 Newton
2 Books: 2 Newtons
3 Books: 3 Newtons
The force was different
because there was more
mass to pull as more
books were added.
This shows newtons 1st law because the books wanted to
stay at rest, but as more force was added they moved.
The 2nd law is seen because the more mass there was,
the more force was required to accelerate the books.
The 3rd law is there because as you pull on the spring
balance, it pushes pulls back on you, which lets it move.
The eggs connect to the first law because the hard boiled egg is easier
Egg 1 mass: 60.6
to start and stop, but the normal egg is filled of liquid and is harder to
Egg 2 mass: 59.6
start and stop.
-Unable to tell difference
They connect to the 2nd law because the normal egg needs more force
between eggs
-Might be a difference in spins to accelerate it then the hard boiled because it has a smaller mass.
-Egg 1 spins very fast, easier They connect to the third law because as you spin the egg it it pushes
on your hand as you spin it.
to stop. Hard cooked.
-Egg 2 spins slower and stops,
big difference
It shows the 1st law because the penny wants to stay still and it falls
I flicked the card and the
penny wanted to stay in place, straight down.
The 2nd law shows because the card needs force to produce
so it fell straight down.
acceleration.
The 3rd law also shows because as you put force on the card, the card
pushes back.
The marble hit the line
and one marble...

...Isaac Newton
In this essay the life of Isaac Newton is uncovered. It goes into depth about where he lived, where he moved, his family and who he lived with. Within the first few paragraphs you will learn about his education, lifestyle, and family. He had a challenging childhood as his mother was in and out of his life and was widowed two times. He also went in and out of school although he never stopped learning and excelling himself. In the second set of paragraphs his multiple accomplishments are unfolded. He did a lot of work within mathematics, science, religion, etc. He received many high achieving positions such as a Fellow of Trinity College and Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. He created a whole new world for others to explore and unwrap. His great accomplishments within mathematics and science led to the expansion of scientists way of thinking. The last set of paragraphs explains his laws of motion, what they are, and an example as well as how they connect with his Universal Law of gravity. Isaac Newton was a very influential person in history that is now looked at as the creator of calculus and a key person in the creation of physics. Now it is your turn to take a deeper look into Newton growing up, discovering new ideas, his accomplishments and what he found.
Isaac Newton was born on Christmas day, 1642 in Lincolnshire. (It would be Jan. 4, 1643 but England had not adopted the Gregorian...

...Biography of a Mathematician: Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton has made an impact on scientists to this day. Even though his discoveries derived in the late 1600s, we are still affected today in the present. The ideals and theorems he sought out still hold legitimate centuries after his time. With the information laid out for them, a scientists using his theories can improve their research to achieve fame themselves. “Some would say that he was the greatest product of the Enlightenment, the explosion of intellectual knowledge that occurred in his century” (Universe Today). What did Isaac Newton discover to go down in history as prestige in both the historical and modern world?
According to BBC, Newton was an English physicist and mathematician, and the greatest scientist of his era. However, before it’s understood why Sir Isaac Newtown became so famous, it is very important to know how he got to that point. By doing so, understanding his early and later life experiences is key. “Isaac Newton was born on 4 January 1643 in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire. His father was a prosperous farmer, who died three months before Newton was born. His mother remarried and Newton was left in the care of his grandparents” (BBC). As it can be seen, Isaac Newton lived a rather challenging youth by being separated by his primary care takers to his grandparents.
Once...

...Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician
and physicist, considered one of the greatest
scientists in history. He made important
contributions to many fields of science. His
discoveries and theories laid the foundation for
much of the progress in science. Newton was one
of the inventors of a mathematics called calculus.
He also solved the mysteries of light and optics,
formulated the three laws of motion, and derived
from them the law of universal gravitation. Newton
was born on December 25, 1642, at
Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire.
When he was three years old, he was put in care
of his Grandmother. He then was sent to grammar
school in Grantham. Then later he attended Trinity
College at the University of Cambridge. Newton
ignored much of the established curriculum of the
university to pursue his own interests; mathematics
and natural philosophy. Proceeding entirely on his
own, he investigated the latest developments in
mathematics and the new natural philosophy that
treated nature as a complicated machine. Almost
immediately, still under the age of 25, he made
fundamental discoveries that were instrumental in
his career science. The Fluxional Method,
Newton's first achievement was in mathematics.
He generalized the methods that were being used
to draw tangents to curves and to calculate the
area swept by curves. He...