Defining Islamic Law
Islamic law is the collection of rulings and legally binding rules related to the regulation of individual behavior in society. It is a legal system with a broad range of directives, covering the specifics of various affairs, yet broad enough to be flexible and non–rigid due to its capacity for renewability and adaptability.
The History of Islamic Law
Role #1: This was the role of education and dealing with legal life issues in Arab society during the mission of the Prophet; meaning the role of legislation in the time of the Prophet (PBUH) which ended with his death in the year 11 H. Role # 2: This role dealt with legislation during the rule of the Rightly Guided Caliphs and their successors. This role continued until the fall of the Umayyad dynasty in 132 H. Role # 3: This was the role of legislative maturation and completion which ended in the middle of the fourth century H. Role # 4: The role of copying (from previous legislation) and closing the doors of Ijtihad (independent reasoning). This era ended in 1268 H (1869 A.D.) Role # 5: The role of Jurisprudential awakening which started within the jurisprudence movement under the Ottoman state based in Turkey in the year 1286 H (1869 A.D.) and the appearance of the legislative journal, which continues to the present day. In present times, Islamic law is considered the source of legislation in Islamic states. These states differ in whether they have taken is as the main source of legislation or not. Many Shari’a rulings have been passed as laws on many issues. Some countries consider Islamic law the primary law, above even the constitution itself, and that it is not allowed to go against Islamic law in any way.
The Sources of Islamic Law
The sources of Islamic law are those from which Shari’a Law is derived. There are sources generally agreed upon and others on which opinions differ. Sources agreed upon within the Islamic nation are:
* The Quran
* The Sunnah (Sayings of the...
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