Ipro Overview

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Intellectual Property Rights - Overview

25 April 2007

Please note: this guidance has been prepared by JISC Legal for information purposes only and is not, nor is intended to be, legal advice. This information is not intended to constitute, and receipt of it does not constitute, a contract for legal advice or the establishment of a solicitor-client relationship.

Please Note: The previous version of this paper is now archived on our website at www.jisclegal.ac.uk/ipr/Archived_IntellectualProperty.htm.

Table of Contents
1. Intellectual Property Rights – A Primer .......................................................................................... 1 2. Types of Intellectual Property Rights ............................................................................................. 2 3. What is Copyright? ......................................................................................................................... 2 4. Copyright Legislation ...................................................................................................................... 2 5. Relevance of Copyright to UK FE and HE ..................................................................................... 3 6. Entitlement to Copyright Protection ................................................................................................ 3 7. Works Protected by Copyright ....................................................................................................... 3 8. Rights Granted by Copyright .......................................................................................................... 3 9. Copyright Ownership - Who Owns What in a Copyright Work? .................................................... 4 10. Additional Rights .......................................................................................................................... 5 11. Duration of Copyright Protection .................................................................................................. 6 12. Infringement of Copyright ............................................................................................................. 6 13. Exceptions to Infringement of Copyright ...................................................................................... 7 14. Enforcement of Copyright ............................................................................................................ 8

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Introduction This overview paper briefly explains the landscape of intellectual property law and its relevance to the use of information and communications technologies in UK further and higher education (FE and HE). It will focus almost exclusively on copyright law issues. 1. Intellectual Property Rights – A Primer Intellectual property rights (IPR), very broadly, are rights granted to creators and owners of works that are the result of human intellectual creativity. These works can

Intellectual Property Rights - Overview

be in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic domains. They can be in the form of an invention, a manuscript, a suite of software, or a business name, as examples. In general, the objective of intellectual property law is to grant the creator of a work certain controls over the exploitation of that work, as the unfettered ability of others to copy the work or invention may deprive the creator of reward and incentive. For some intellectual property rights, the grant of protection is also in return for the creator making the work accessible to the general public. Intellectual property law maintains a balance by (in most cases) granting the rights for a limited time. Some rights require registration, for example, patent right,...
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