In the book Social Issues in Sport by Ronald B. Woods chapter 7: Interscholastic and Intercollegiate sport the author talks about high school and college athletes and some of the issues they face whether it is academic or even financial issues. According to the NFHS, the number of students participating in high school sports has increased for 20 consecutive years and continues to grow each year (Woods 122). The chapter stated that both swimming and diving have had the largest gains in participants for both boys and girls (Woods 122). This brings the question, are parents keeping their kids from playing in physical sports that are more dangerous such as football and hockey. Football is still the number one participating sport for boys but soccer and basketball are rising more. The number one reason why boys and girls participate in high school sports for both boys and girls is “to have fun” and a few reasons why some athletes stop playing is because practices were not very fun, they were not getting much playing time and coaching reasons (Woods 123). At an interscholastic level of athletics participants can be put into three categories. First reluctant participants: about 25% of kids felt like they had to be in a sport because of outside pressure. Next is image-conscious socializers: this group represent 40% of athletes. These athletes draw motivation from rewards or the approval of others. The last is competence oriented: this athletes love playing the sport and are likely to continue after school days are over (Woods 124). Another important question when discussing high school sports is if schools should require a fee to play a sport/who should pay for high school sports?
The other section the chapter discusses is college sports and the social issues involved at that level. Since the 1970s many changes have been made, the biggest is probably title IX which has opened the doors for women...
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