Richard Layard stated that happiness comes from outside and within, explain this statement, drawing on appropriate evidence from chapters 3 and 5 of the course book.
In this assignment I will be explaining the above statements. There are
many factors which contribute to our overall happiness . Optimistic
Thinking, focusing on our strengths and blessings gives us contentment
From within. Our roles in life our work our friends , social groups all
Contribute to our happiness from the outside. There are also biological
factors to take in to account, as our genetic makeup is different, some
People may have genes which produce more serotonin than others, but
regardless of all these factors we can all take steps to improve our
happiness. Eating fresh foods and simple carbohydrates boost serotonin
Levels, doing exercise, meditating, showing gratitude and making contact
with good friends. I will continue to show you research and experiments carried out by physiologist, in the factors that increase our happiness.
“There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so” (Shakespeare 2005 cited in Spoors .et. al. 2007).This quote from Shakespeare suggest our thinking makes something to be good or bad. Research has found optimists are generally healthier, recover faster from surgery and are likely to live longer . A study carried out by Maruto and colleges (2002 cited in Spoors. et . al 2007 ) in Minnesota, selected 839 patients that had referred themselves into the Mayo clinic, 40 years previously and submitted themselves to many test including pessimistic thinking .Results showed 200 patients died by the year 2000. The optimists had 19% greater longevity than the pessimists. Seligman (2005 cited in Spoors. et. al. 2007) generally known as the one who initiated positive psychology, tasked 577 people to write about a time when they were at their best and reflect on the strengths noted once a day for a week and to note 3 things that went well each day , and to write the reason why they went well. Seligman’s research found that the participant’s happiness levels rose significantly and stayed so for 6 months and longer. So we can make our happiness last longer by reflecting on our strengths and thinking positively all have a major impact on our happiness from within.
If we believe that we can change our situation and that we have control of our life choices, we are likely to be happier and be able to take action when we are in an unhappy situation. This is referred to as our internal locus of control. If our locus of control is external then we would believe that we have no power and control over our life and would be unable to take action when in an unhappy situation as we would believe our actions wouldn’t be able to make a difference. Research carried out on residents of a nursing home where one group was given multiple choices and freedom to their lifestyle and one group had all decisions made for them. Positive effects were obvious in the first group, this group had a lower mortality rate then the second group . (Researched by Langer Rodin 1976 cited in Spoors. et. al 2007) So again here you can see how it’s our thinking that controls our happiness so effectively.
Our roles in life have a major effect on our happiness from the outside, for example, if your role at home is one of a mother, you re...