The Internet is a massive network of networks, a networking infrastructure. It connects millions of computers together globally, forming a network in which any computer can communicate with any other computer as long as they are both connected to the Internet. Information that travels over the Internet does so via a variety of languages known as protocols.
What is Censorship?
Censorship is suppression of speech or other communication which may be considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or inconvenient to the general body of people as determined by a government, media outlet, or other controlling body.
What is Monitoring?
Monitoring is the process of testing and verifying that end-users can interact with a website or web application. Website monitoring is often used by businesses to ensure that their sites are live and responding. Monitoring is also used to verify that a domain (and web site) is not only responding properly, but has not been hacked, blacklisted or hijacked.
What is Internet Censorship?
Internet censorship is control or suppression of the publishing or accessing of information on the Internet. The legal issues are similar to offline censorship. One difference is that national borders are more permeable online: residents of a country that bans certain information can find it on websites hosted outside the country. A government can try to prevent its citizens from viewing these even if it has no control over the websites themselves.
Censorship plays a major role in every society and as Shakespeare once said, “censorship is an art made tongue-tied by authority”, but it is not only used to silence people but also to protect them. Nowadays, censorship is only imposed on those beliefs that have in history resulted in tragedies, therefore ideologies such as Nazism etc. are forbidden to be expressed in public. Although it is often misused, censorship is supposed to help people and protect them from dangerous concepts and their children from violence and pornography.
Censorship has always been used as a tool for controlling the society. Citizens are usually united when they face a common enemy or when they strive for achieving a common goal. Censoring certain content and promoting other is the best way to achieve that and therefore fool the citizens that they do what they want to do. It was often used to hide the content that is dangerous when interpreted incorrectly or by inappropriate people. But this can also go the other way around.
In democracy, censorship is limited to the protection of the citizens by either banning some explicit content from being published, covering unsuitable material or just by labeling it with age restrictions. That is why films, TV programmes, video games, books and magazines are nowadays rated according to age restrictions or intended audience.
Although it was meant in the beginning to serve a good purpose, along with the time it started to be used to control the information and the society. In the world we live in today, there is no chance that it is used only in good intentions, because just as not everyone is fundamentally good, not everyone will use it for good, but for their own profit.
TYPES OF INTERNET CENSORSHIP
1. Considering the severity countries practice the Internet censorship, we can discuss about a classification system that categorizes countries as: •Pervasive. This includes countries that practice the most extreme level of censorship. Some nations included in this category are Iran, Burma and China •Substantial. South Korea, Yemen and Saudi Arabia are a few countries included in this category. •Nominal/Selective. Selective Internet censorship is applied in countries like Australia, Canada and India. •Watchlist/Suspected. Countries like Morocco, Norway and Russia are only suspected for applying Internet censorship, at least for this moment.
2. Another method for classification is based on...