Baxtor held the view that environmental issues should be human centered and cost beneficial. Baxter's observations are that our affect on the environment is irrelevant except as it affects human interest. Baxter claims we have no obligation to respect the balance of nature because no natural state of nature exists. Baxter's main goal was to have an "flawless state of pollution" that entails the amount of pollution profits from the highest amount of human satisfaction. DDT hurting the penguin population in Baxter's thoughts were that we as the human race did not stop the use of DDT but for our own enjoyment. Baxter's observations are people oriented and he assumes that there is not interest in saving the penguins. Baxter abandoned the idea that there is a "right" or "morally correct" state of nature.
Singer claims that we should give the same respect to all lives of non-human animals as we give to the lives of humans. Singer also claims that animals, human and non-human, are equal. Singer defines speciesism as a prejudice or attitude of bias in favor of the interests of one's own species and against those members of other species. Singer gives three claims against this claim. Singer claims that equality is based on equal consideration. Singer states that dogs aren't equal because they do not know hat voting means. For example that men and women will have similar rights but, the claim that men and women have a right to an abortion is just as coherent as dogs having the right to vote. Singer claims equality is also a "moral" idea not a factual one. For example, Singer goes through the reasons why racism and sexism is wrong. The purpose of this claim is that equality does not depend on intelligence, moral capacity, physical strength, or similar matters of fact. Singer claims that the capacity for suffering is a prerequisite for rights. For example, it's the question of suffering. Singer reasons why the differences between healthy and disabled humans can be...
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