Mr. Dalisay (Professor)
20 February 2013
How Teenage Pregnancy Became Redefined as a Social Problem?
All teenage pregnancies, not just the youngest ones, were categorized as a problem. The inclusion of older teenagers, who are far more likely to proceed with a pregnancy than their younger counterparts, redefined the issue from one of uncontrolled sex to one of uncontrolled motherhood. The term social issue relates to matters which affect many or all members of a society either directly or indirectly. It includes violence, pollution, injustice, poverty, abortion, crime and discrimination. There are many different social issues which today’s society has to contend with, such as high unemployment, homelessness and teenage pregnancy, all of which government policy is required to target and find solutions for. This assignment will look at some of the social issues which teenage parents face in today’s society; poverty, social exclusion, low educational aspirations; as well as some of the approaches the present Labor Government have found to combat them.
“The appropriate age when women should become mothers has been the subject of numerous debates for many years. However over recent decades teenage pregnancy has become labeled as a major public health problem, alongside cancer, mental health issues and heart disease.” -(Lawlor & Shaw, 2002). The politicization of teenage pregnancy involves a return to explanations of poverty and inequality that begin from considering behavior at an individual level. On the one hand, teenage pregnancy is strongly associated with social disadvantage. Unsurprisingly, girls with a realistic expectation of positive opportunities in life are less likely to let themselves conceive and, if they do, more likely to opt for abortion. On the other hand, in a reversal of causation, policy has treated teenage pregnancy as a cause rather than a symptom of restricted...