I. The Space Race was a huge competition between the Soviet Union and the United States. a. The Space Race involved efforts to launch satellites, send humans into space, and successful journeys to the moon. b. The Soviets were successful in being the first to launch Sputnik 1. i. An artificial satellite.
ii. On October 4, 1957.
c. Again, The Soviets were successful in sending the first man into space. iii. His name was Yuri Gagarin.
1. The launch happened on April 12, 1961.
2. He was in orbit for 108 minutes.
d. Kennedy then declares a “Moon Race.”
iv. “We choose the Moon” speech on September 12, 1962. v. “I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth.” e. President Kennedy proposed that the United States and the Soviet Union join forces in their efforts to reach the moon. vi. Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet Premier, initially...