Information Technology Acts
There are several advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating the creation of certain acts. The two acts which will be discussed in this paper are the Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2000, and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. Children’s Internet Protection Act, 2000
The Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) is a federal law which was passed by Congress to allocate the offensive content over the Internet. CIPA obligates the schools and all public libraries to require filters on their computers to stop minors from accessing sites that are not appropriate. (Federal Communications Commission, n.d.) The (CIPA) was passed in December 2000. The main purpose of the CIPA is for the protection of children from obscene, child pornography and other dangers of the internet. CIPA does not precisely state what kind of filtering systems to use. This is the third law that Congress has passed to allocate concerns about the children’s access to the inappropriate Internet sites and it is the only one “that the U.S. Supreme Court found constitutionally defensible.” (Minnesota House of Representatives House Research, 2004) Our kids face online predators and other inappropriate things in chat rooms, online games, pictures of teens drinking, drugs, sexual messages, and even false information about them written online before they are eighteen. (Convenant Eyes, 2012) Just about all households, schools, libraries, public places and even our workplace have a computer and access to the Internet. (Anti Essays, 2012) People are even using smartphones to access the Internet. The advanced technology has great prospects for the society but there are “new ethical and social issues for individuals.” (Anti Essays, 2012) With these new technologies it exposes our children to harmful sites every day. Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, 1974
“The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act...
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