Influence of Immigration on the American Culture and Language

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Influence of Immigration on the American Culture and Language CONTENT
Introduction ………………………………………………………………………….. The Main Part ……………………………………………………………………….. Chapter I
In Search of America ………………………………………………………………… 1.1. America: Its Image and Reality…………………………………………………… 1.2. The Reasons of Immigration to the USA…………………………………………. 3. . The Importance of Religious Beliefs: “One Nation under God ” ………………… Chapter II

The Nation of Immigrants…………………………………………………………… 2.1. American beliefs and values………………………………………………………. 2.2. The Process of Americanization in American History…………………………..... 2.3. Different Views on Americanization ……………………………………………… Chapter III

The Mosaic of American Culture……………………………………………………. Chapter IV
The Influence of Immigration on American English ……………………………… 4.1 Indian Influence on American English ……………………………………………. 4.2 French Influence on American English ………………………………………….... 4.3 Spanish Influence on American English …………………………………………... 4.4 Dutch Influence on American English …………………………………………….. 4.5 German Influence on American English …………………………………………… 4.6 African Influence on American English ………………………………………….... 4.7 Influence of Later Immigrants ……………………………………………………… Summary ………………………………………………………………………………. Sources …………………………………………………………………………………. Appendix ……………………………………………………………………………….

INTRODUCTION

The United States is a society of immigrants. Ever since its formation in 1776, and even before that, the United States has attracted immigrants from around the world. Since its early days, the country has admitted more than 50 million newcomers, a larger number of immigrants than any country in history. For over two centuries, people have flocked under this nation's protective wings as opportunists, sojourners, missionaries, refugees, and even illegal aliens. With the Statue of Liberty greeting Europeans entering Ellis Island, and The Golden Gate Bridge greeting Chinese and other Asians in San Francisco, the U.S. has long since been a refuge of the world, with opportunities abound and freedom for all. Over time, millions around the world have found emigrating to the U.S. as the only alternative to starvation, death, or a life full of hardship and suffering. Most immigrants came, and still come today, for wealth, land, and freedom. With thousands from nations spanning the globe, America has become a mosaic of people, culture, and hope. It is one of the most developed countries. It houses a lot of cultures, traditions, and ways of life. A lot of people think that it is the land of dream so they strive to live there. Many scholars, journalists and writers from all over the world tried to investigate the phenomena of this “unique” country. Among them are Zoltan Kovecses (a Hungarian Professor of Linguistics in the Department of American Studies at Eotvos Lorand University), James Ciment (an American writer, journalist and famous M.E.Sharpe Publishing Inc. general editor), John Hector de Crevecoeur (a French immigrant writer), Louis Adamic (a novelist and a journalist) and many others. Some people describe American society as a salad bowl while others see it as a melting pot. In a sense both are correct depending upon one's point of view. There are two other metaphors for American society – “a pizza” and “an ethnic stew”. This ethnic multiplicity is a result of the history of immigration. Which of the metaphors suits America the best? It is a disputable question even in the USA itself. Our interest was also ignited by this puzzling question and we decided to disclose “the curtain” on it. So, the aim of our research was to investigate in what way immigration influenced the formation of the American nation, its culture and religious beliefs. We wanted to know which words of immigrant vocabulary flew in American English and became an integral part of this language. Another goal was to inquire into the reasons and circumstances which forced people of different nations to...
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