Between 1860 and 1900, America began to industrialize rapidly. There were many factors and causes of this such as railroads, new inventions, and more work forces and leaders. The American people at this time gained some benefits; nonetheless, there were many economic and social problems produced by industrialization and the growth of big businesses.
Industrialization in America increased and many big businesses sprouted up due to this. One of the causes was the railroads. The railroads allowed the country to become more open and tied together, while also creating a vast internal market in industrialized America. Railroads also led to the developing of big enterprises by increasing accounting and managerial practices. Another cause was the new inventions during the rise of industry. One invention was Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone in 1876, which rose to a huge company. Another example would be Thomas Edison’s light bulb and many other inventions which led to his finding of Menlo Park Laboratory. An additional cause was the rise of big business leaders such as Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller. Andrew Carnegie built the Carnegie Steel mill from nothing while Rockefeller led the oil companies. With the rise of industrial America, came many benefits to the American people. Due to the rise of many big companies, many earned jobs. There was also an increase of specialized jobs which would help the people by not learning a variety of topics. Women, at this time, also gained lots of jobs which were usually called piece work. They would finish garments, roll cigars, and perform other tedious jobs. Immigrants also received jobs but often times got most of the dirtiest and most dangerous jobs. On the other hand, many factory workers received unfair wages and most worked for twelve hours a day, a week. There also was an indefinite amount of unfavorable living conditions near the factories. The rise of industry did not always bring prosperity; it also brought...
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