Indian English Novel

Topics: India, Indian English literature, Literature Pages: 45 (17475 words) Published: October 14, 2011
The Indian English novel evolved as a subaltern consciousness; as a reaction to break away from the colonial literature. Hence the post colonial literature in India witnessed a revolution against the idiom which the colonial writers followed. Gradually the Indian English authors began employing the techniques of hybrid language, magic realism peppered with native themes. Thus from a post colonial era Indian literature ushered into the modern and then the post-modern era. The saga of the Indian English novel therefore stands as the tale of Changing tradition, the story of a changing India. The stories were there already in India steeped in folklores, myths, written in umpteen languages as India is always the land of stories. However, the concept of Indian English novel or rather the concept of Indians writing in English came much later and it is with the coming of Raja Rao, R.K. Narayan, Mulk Raj Anand, the journey of Indian English Novel began. The early Indian novels which were merely patriotic gained a rather contemporary touch with the coming of Mulk Raj Anand, Raja Rao and R.K.Narayan. The social disparity of India which was aptly described by Mulk Raj Anand in his "Coolie", the imaginary village life with its entire unedited realities in R.K. Narayan`s "Malgudi Days" and last but not the least the aura of Gandhism depicted by Raja Rao in his remarkable novel "Kanthapura" portrayed a whole new India. The need of the `foreigners` depicting India amidst their write ups was not needed as Indians wanted to portray India through their Indian English. That was the beginning of the voyage and with time it gained maturity. Not just the daily lives, not just the social issues, Indian English novel slowly unveiled the grotesque mythical realities of India while opening the window to a plethora of writers. Salman Rushdie, fascinated the Indian intelligentsias with his remarkable understanding of Indian History, as well as unification of Indian history with language. This further paved the way to portray India with her sheer grandeur, tradition, realities, myths, heritage in the most eloquent way. Perhaps this supported Amitava Ghosh to dabble the post colonial Indian realities while helped Vikram Seth to picturise a rather new India laced with an air of Victorian aristocracy. The cobweb of romance, the strange mind of the women and the very ideal that women needs something more than just food and shelter are ideally portrayed by the women writers while making Indian English novel to take that final step towards maturity. The fast changing pace of the new India is thus ideally painted by the female writers. The history of Indian English novel, a journey which began long back has witnessed a lot of alteration to gain today`s chick contour. More On Indian English Novels (Last Updated on : 9/11/2009) The Indian literary scenario, beginning in the Vedic Ages, times even prior to historical preservation, have been endowed with the best and prime literary geniuses, be it in the oral or the written tradition. During the Vedic Period, as is however acknowledged from Indian ancient history, Hinduism was in its most elevated and supreme state, with the caste system just coming into vogue, with the Brahmans, Kshtriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. As such, the Brahmins had taken, rather seized centre-stage, with every sphere of daily life speaking out from the higher caste society. And educational and literary pursuits, writing or getting oneself educated in the ashrama system or in the gurukuls, were solely preserved for the higher caste and somewhat upper echelons in tandem. The medium of imparting education or penning down any version of one`s thoughts or a fictional or legendary discourse, all were strictly done in the Sanskrit lingo. As such, the first traces of writings in Indian literature were done in the Sanskrit language, with Sanskritic body of literature tracing out its prestigious path down the ages. It was indeed in this

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