(Act No. 5 of Year 1882)
An Act to define and amend the law relating to easements and licences
WHEREAS it is expedient to define and amend the law relating to Easements and Licences. It is hereby enacted as follows: -
1. Short title - This Act may be called the Indian Easements Act, 1882.
Local extent: It extends to the territories respectively administered by the Governor of Madras in Council and the Chief Commissioners of the Central Provinces and Coorg.
Commencement: It shall come into force on the first day of July, 1882.
2. Saving -Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to affect any law not hereby expressly repealed; or to derogate from-
(a) any right of the government to regulate the collection, retention and distribution of the water of rivers and streams flowing in natural channels, and of natural lakes and ponds, or of the water flowing, collected, retained or distributed in or by any channel or other work constructed at the public expense for irrigation;
(b) any customary or other right (not being a licence) in or over immovable property which the government, the public or any person may possess irrespective of other immovable property; or
(c) any right acquired, or arising out of a relation created, before this Act comes into force.
3. Construction of certain references to Act XV of 1877 and Act IX of 1871-All references in any Act or Regulation to sections 26 and 27 of the Indian Limitation Act, 1877 or to sections 27 and 28 of Act No. IX of 1871, shall, in the territories to which this Act extends, be read as made to sections 15 and 16 of this Act.
CHAPTER I: OF EASEMENTS GENERALLY
4. "Easement" defined
An easement is a right which the owner or occupier of certain land possesses, as such, for the beneficial enjoyment of that land, to do and continue to do something, or to prevent and continue to prevent something being done, in or upon, or in respect of certain other land not his own.
Dominant and servient heritages and owners: The land for the beneficial enjoyment of which the right exists is called the dominant heritage, and the owner or occupier thereof the dominant owner; and land on which the liability is imposed is called the servient heritage, and the owner or occupier thereof the servient owner.
Explanation : In the first and second clauses of this section the, expression "land" includes also things permanently attached to the earth; the expression "beneficial enjoyment" includes also possible convenience, remote advantage, and even a mere amenity; and the expression "to do something" includes removal and appropriation by the dominant owner, for the beneficial enjoyment of the dominant heritage, or any part of the soil of the servant heritage, or anything growing or subsisting thereon.
(a) A, as the owner of a certain house, has a right of way thither over his neighbour B?s land for purposes connected with the beneficial enjoyment of the house. This is an easement.
(b) A, as the owner of a certain house, has the right to go on his neighbours B?s land, and to take water for the purposes of his household out of a spring therein. This is an easement.
(c) A, as the owner of a certain house, has the right to conduct water from B?s stream to supply the fountains in the garden attached to the house. This is an easement.
(d) A, as the owner of a certain house and farm, has the right to graze a certain number of his own cattle on B's field, or to take, for the purpose of being used in the house, by himself, his family, guests, lodgers and servants, water or fish out of C's tank, or timber out of D's wood, or to use, for the purpose of manuring his land, the leaves which have fallen from the trees on E?s land. These are easements.
(e) A dedicates to the public the right to occupy the surface of certain land for the purpose of passing and re-passing. This right is not an easement.
(f) A is...