INDIAN ARMY (IA, Bhāratīya Thalasēnā)
The Indian Army (IA, Bhāratīya Thalasēnā) is the land based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The Indian Army came into being when India gained independence in 1947, and inherited most of the infrastructure of the British Indian Army that were located in post-partition India. Since independence, the army has been involved in four wars with neighbouring Pakistan and one with the People's Republic of China. Other major operations undertaken by the army include Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot and Operation Cactus. Apart from conflicts, the army has also been an active participant in United Nations peacekeeping missions. The President of India is the Commander-in-Chief of the Army. The Chief of Army Staff (COAS), a General, is a four star commander and commands the army. There is typically never more than one serving general at any given time in the Army. Two officers have been conferred the rank of field marshal, a 5-star rank and the officer serves as the ceremonial chief. Its primary mission is to ensure the national security and defence of the Republic of India from external aggression and threats, and maintaining peace and security within its borders. It also conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances. As a major component of national power, alongside the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force, the roles of the Indian Army are as follows; Primary, preserve national interests and safeguard sovereignty, territorial integrity and unity of India against any external threats by deterrence or by waging war. Secondary, assist Government agencies to cope with ‘proxy war’ and other internal threats and provide aid to civil authority when requisitioned for the purpose." The Indian soldier is famous for his high moral and high standard of discipline and for his matchless velour and great military genius. He is accustomed to a life of hardship and discipline. He guards our frontier. He defends our country. he saves us from the external aggression. In peace time, he does many a social service. In war-time, he dedicates his life for his country and nation. Let us think, how much were are indebted to our sturdy Jawans.
An Indian soldier is recruited by the recruiting offices. He is recruited on the basis of physical fitness and necessary age and education. The selection is very strict. if he is selected he is enrolled in one of the arms and services of the army. There are arms and services like Infantry, Artillery, Engineers, Signalers, Armored Corps, Army Service Crops and so on. After selection, he goes to one of the training centers to get military training.
In the training centre, he gets basic military training like drill, physical training and weapon training. He is trained in range practices, bayonet-fighting and handling of explosives like grenades and mortars. Here we find the recruit in his gray uniform, heavy black boots, a jungle hat and a rifle slung over his shoulder. Everyday he takes four hours, training. From (6-30 A.M. to 11 A.M.) in rifle-shooting, firing and throwing grenades, climbing a rope, negotiation a rope bridge, crawling and bayonet charge. There are occasional route-marches to maximum of 25 miles. negotiating a rope bridge is to walk upon a rope the ends of which are tied to the branches of two trees. Besides he learns three Rs, map-reading, current affairs, civics, bayonet training, rifle, light machine-gun, grenade, field craft and jungle training, battle assault courses, physical training, route marches, games and drill. His trainings, becomes complete when he takes part in a mock battle. Then he is attended at a special parade. It is known as Kasam Parade. The recruit takes an oath on his religious book, to serve the nation and to lay down his life, if...
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