INCREASING CRIME RATES AMONG THE YOUTH IN INDIA.
Open any newspaper or tune into any news channel and you can be pretty sure to stumble upon crimes of all sorts ranging from petty thefts to dacoity, murder, terrorism, sexual crimes and the like. The statistics show that the miscreants have been found quite focused and determined at their jobs. In India for instance, as per the National Crime Records Bureau, incidences of crime since the early days of independence has gone up by more than 5 times, and this ofcourse excludes the large number of unreported crimes, especially related to smaller thefts, crime against women and the many cases where the police just refuse to file an FIR. The western countries aren’t any better off either, with the UK recording an average of more than 2 violent attacks everyminute ( a very high figure for such a small country) and the US, which has the highest incarceration ( imprisonment rate in the world) ! Types of Criminal Offenses:
A criminal act may be considered a particular type of crime, depending on the nature of the offense. For example, a crime that involves taking another's property may be considered a theft crime. A crime that occurs in a business setting may be considered a white collar crime. An offense of a sexual nature or that involves a sexually deviant act may be considered a sex crime. It is helpful to understand the different types of crimes and the potential penalties that may be imposed for a defendant who is convicted. We have highlighted the key types of criminal offenses:
A crime that involves a deviant sex act, forced intercourse or the exchange of sexual activity for money may be considered a sex crime. These are often particularly serious due to their sensitive nature and the harsh penalties that may be imposed if a defendant is convicted, including lifetime registration as a sex offender. Some sex crimes include: rape, sexual abuse, sexual battery and prostitution.
Certain substances are controlled by the government, including narcotics and prescription drugs. A defendant may therefore face criminal charges for the unlawful possession, sale / distribution, trafficking, manufacturing or cultivation of such substances as heroin, marijuana, cocaine, ecstasy, methamphetamines, or prescription drugs.
When a person is accused of committing a crime against another person, causing or attempting to cause them bodily harm, this may be considered a violent crime. Some specific types of violent crimes include: murder, manslaughter, assault, battery and domestic violence.
White Collar Crimes
Crimes that involve financial transactions, politicians and businessmen and women may be considered white collar crimes. These are typically non-violent theft crimes, such as fraud, embezzlement and tax evasion.
Unlawfully taking another's property, whether by force, deception or by clandestine means, may be considered a theft crime. The penalties for these will vary depending on the manner in which the alleged offense was committed, as well as the amount of property involved. Some examples of theft crimes include: grand theft auto, burglary and robbery.
Certain acts are prohibited by federal law. These and crimes committed against the federal government or on federal property may be considered federal crimes. Some examples include: bank fraud, wire fraud, mail fraud and kidnapping. Because federal agencies and prosecutors typically have more resources than those on a local or state level, and due to the extremely harsh penalties that may be imposed for these offenses, it is important to work with a lawyer who can handle cases in federal court.
ROOT CAUSES FOR INCREASING CRIME RATES:
To a certain extent poverty and unemployment do have their contributions to the increasing crime rates. However, it is not...