Critical Lens Essay
In classical as well as modern literature, the battle of good versus evil is a recurring theme. It was once said, “In literature evil often triumphs but never conquers.” This statement is correct. Despite the winning streak dark forces often hold over the plot of the story, their success is only temporary because by the end of the story, good always overcomes the obstacles in its path to reign victorious. This concept is well demonstrated in the works Macbeth by William Shakespeare and To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. In both works of literature, wickedness holds a provisional sway over the story’s outcome, but loses its title when the forces of good snatch victory from the fangs of defeat. Despite the odds conjured by ambition in Macbeth, goodness prevails and proves to be the true champion. The main theme portrayed in this play was the corruptive powers of unchecked ambition. The destruction brought by ambition that goes unchecked by moral restraints is well demonstrated in the play’s protagonists, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. Macbeth was a courageous Scottish general who was not naturally inclined to committing evil deeds, yet he deeply desired power. After receiving a rather promising fortune from 3 witches and much persuasion from his wife, he kills Duncan against his better judgment. This cloud in his judgment eventually dooms him. He is forced to pay the consequences of his actions through intense feelings of guilt, paranoia, and regret. As Macbeth’s craving for power grew, the more he furthered himself from his morality. To appease the hungry demon within him he went on a massive killing spree that murdered numerous individuals he felt threatened his position as king. In spite of this victory at achieving power, the loss of his righteousness leads him to his utter destruction. In the final battle of good versus evil, Macbeth stands alone with nothing but his name and the forces of good...
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