STATEMENT OF NEED
The improper disposal of municipal waste has a serious and dangerous impact on a wide range of areas. Garbage thrown in the street or in open space creates a public health hazard, while waste dumped near rivers, lakes and streams contaminates the water supply. Rubbish that is burned in the open rather than disposed off properly creates pollution and releases toxic fumes into the environment. Non-biodegradable materials thrown into open drains make their way into the sewerage system, clogging pipelines and damaging infrastructure. The hazards posed by the dumping of untreated hospital and industrial waste are even greater, with the release of pathogens and toxic compounds posing a grave threat not just to human life but also to plants and animals. Garbage dumped in the countryside is not simply an eyesore; entire landscapes are ruined and unique habitats for flora and fauna are lost. All of these problems are common in Nsukka, where vast quantities of solid waste remain uncollected in the streets, along major roads, in empty plots of land, down hill slopes and in illegal dumps. There are many challenges facing the effective disposal of solid waste in the Nsukka. Budget constraints are a chronic issue. Nearly 87% of the solid waste budget in Nsukka goes to pay salaries, maintain dilapidated vehicles and provision of safety materials leaving scarce resources to improve or expand services. As a result, the garbage collection infrastructure is crumbling and local authority workers have not been issued any new equipment since 2008. Collection vehicles currently in use are too sophisticated to run and maintain, thus garbage in metropolis accumulates. The system is so overburdened that even if collection across the town were to operate at full capacity, an estimated 4 tones of garbage would remain uncollected daily. Garbage collection services are irregular in some parts of the town and non-existent in others. In Nsukka, G.R.A, Odenigbo, Onuiyi and...
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