Instructor: Gerald Kelly
Immigration Act of 1965 Research Paper
Immigration Act of 1965
The Immigration Act - also called the Hart-Celler Immigration Bill - of 1965 was signed by President Lyndon Johnson. This new Act phased out the Nation Origins quota system. This radically changed patter and scope migration to America. It created migration worldwide versus a majority of the migration from the 3 core counties; United Kingdom, Ireland, and Germany. [ (Three Decades of Mass Immigration, 1995) ] These three made up 70 percent of our counties immigrants before 1965 [ (Three Decades of Mass Immigration, 1995) ]. This new Act, also, affected our country in many different ways. The United States as a whole become more diverse which in the end led to the beginning of the end of discrimination. The Act, as well, affected our country by lowering wages. It is also believed to have stimulated the internal migration of previously Native Americans from older central cities in the Northeast to newer suburban areas as well as to newer, faster-growing cities in the South, and the Sunbelt regions.
This new Act radically changed the migration to America by eliminating the Nation Origins quota system of 1921 (Johnson, 2002). The new act increased the number of people allowed into the country. It increased from 150,000 to 290,000 immigrants in the Eastern and Western Hemisphere. 170,000 immigrants were allowed in from the Eastern Hemisphere; with an underlined law of 20,000 per country (Immigration Act of 1965). In the Western Hemisphere 120,000 immigrants were allowed in with per-country restriction (Love-Andrews, 2003). This was the first time, in our countries history, that there was a numerical restriction on the Western Hemisphere. Before all this was put in place in 1965 70% of our countries immigrants were from 3 countries; the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Germany (Three Decades of Mass Immigration, 1995). In other countries worldwide there were... [continues]
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