Immigration & Health

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IMMIGRATION AND HEALTHCARE:
ISSUES, CONCERNS, AND CHALLENGES FACING THE NATION.

Martin Kwesi Hinneh-Luther
Instructor: Professor Neil Mathur
HC 491: Senior Seminar in Healthcare Management
May 8, 2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT---------------------------------------------------------3 I. Introduction-------------------------------------------------------5

II. Statement of the Problem---------------------------------------6

III. Significance of the Study----------------------------------------6

IV. Definition of Terms-----------------------------------------------7

V. Review of Related Literature-----------------------------------8

VI. Analysis of Data---------------------------------------------------10

VII. Conclusions--------------------------------------------------------13

VIII. Recommendations for Action and Further Study----------14

IX. References----------------------------------------------------------15

Abstract
Previous policy changes have limited immigrants’ accessibility to insurance and health care. Fewer non citizen immigrants and their children (even U.S.-born) have Medicaid or job-based insurance, and many more are uninsured than is the case with native citizens or children of citizens. Non Citizens and their children also have worse access to both regular ambulatory and emergency care, even when insured. Immigration status is an important component of racial and ethnic disparities in insurance coverage and access to care. Analysis of the problems associated with Immigration and healthcare will center on the following questions:

1. Who is an immigrant?
2. Why do immigrants migrate to this country?
3. How many immigrants are in the Country?
4. What positive role does an immigrant play in the Country? 5. What negative role does an immigrant play in the Country? 6. What impact does the new healthcare reform have on immigrants? 7. What are the challenges in healthcare reform for immigrants? 8. Would healthcare reform encourage or discourage the influx of immigrants? 9. What are the costs of healthcare for immigrants versus money spent on illegal immigrant healthcare cost? 10. What types of healthcare are offered by immigrants' home countries? The issue of immigrants and health care reform has drawn considerable attention. Even though the bill has been passed, there are still issues that need to be addressed. Public opinion to this issue would continue to vary. Only time will determine the "rights" or "wrongs" to this reform.

Introduction

The 1965 amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act, which changed the pace and composition of immigration to the United States, will have continuing ramifications into the next century and beyond. Immigration status is an important component of racial and ethnic disparities in insurance coverage and access to healthcare. Many are the concerns of Americans on healthcare reform since it’s introduction by the Obama administration. Among these concerns is immigrants and healthcare.

The purpose of this paper is to try and investigate these issues or concerns with an independent mindset and let readers draw their own conclusions. Some of the issues or concerns that would be discussed include, who an immigrant is, what are the reasons why they migrate to US, what types of healthcare are offered by immigrants' home countries?, What are the challenges in healthcare reform for immigrants? Would healthcare reform encourage or discourage the influx of immigrants?, What are the economical, social, and financial cost to be shared by immigrants and Americans. What are the possible barriers of communication that may exist between immigrants and their host Nation?

Statement of the Problem
The purpose of this project is to investigate some of the issues of immigrants and healthcare. My research will look at the following;
1. Who is an immigrant?
2. How many immigrants are in the...
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