November 24, 2012
Immigration in the United States
Immigration is a complex phenomenon that has played a major role in the growth of the population in the United States. It is described as the entrance and long –term stay across the national border without receiving appropriate legal documentation. Illegal immigration in the U.S. has soared to a massive scale. As many as 14 million families live in the United States illegally in which at least one is head of household. Illegal immigrants can be deemed as illegal by entering the country without authorization or inspection, staying beyond an authorized period or after legal entry, or by violating the terms of legal entry. Why do people immigrate? Many people immigrate for a variety of reasons. Some relocate by force or fear, escape form prejudices and persecutions, and while others are primarily voluntary. Granted the move may be a necessity, it can be somewhat of a traumatic and challenging experience. Immigrants steal from the federal government, destroy private property, and hurt hard working U.S. citizens. Immigration should have stipulations because it would alleviate certain economic issues, reduce the criminal activity, and benefit the nation health wise.
Illegal immigrants who travel from Mexico and Central America usually come for economic reasons and even oppression from politics within the country. The United States is extremely attractive and a primary destination for immigrants for several economic reasons. Immigrants are hired by U.S. employers for wages that are substantially higher than in their native country. However, these wages are considerably low for the U.S. citizens that work specific jobs such as construction, manufacturing, environmental services, and hospitality. In general, immigrants are doing jobs that U.S. citizens refuse to do. Often times immigrant workers work long hours for lower paying salaries, which is seen as a controversy of exploitation for cheap labor. According to the American Resistance, “between forty and fifty percent of wages loss among low-skilled Americans is due to the immigration of low-skilled.” Ideally, illegal immigrants come to the U.S. for better job opportunities. “Immigrants account for one out of every eight people in the United States and one out of every seven workers” (American Immigration Council, 2012). However, they also add value to the U.S. in the process. U.S. employers gain from low labor cost, the ability to utilize land, and technology. For example, certain construction companies tend to hire Hispanic immigrants because they will do carpentry related jobs at an expedited rate for less pay than the minimum salary that would normally be paid. Although pay is low, it provides the immigrant with a steady income but saves the company owner money due to the decreased amount of pay distributed to individuals. On the other hand, it is a disadvantage for other businesses. There is no actual way to initially determine if an immigrant is actually illegally in the county, therefore causing an extensive system of auditing o take place. Once a company is audited and illegal immigrants are discovered, they face deportation, the company is fined a fee, or become involved in litigations. Such as companies like Wal-Mart, Tyson Foods, and Swift & Company just to name a few. With more immigrants entering the country illegally, it becomes more of a crucial disadvantage for the United States.
Other than economic issues, elements of criminal activity are also drawbacks. Because many immigrants have little or no education, they endure the stress and pressure of working at a young age. This becomes a frustrating matter causing individual to turn to a life of crime due to the ability to receive money at a rapid rate. Immigration is an attraction for drugs and other types of corruption. Deportation has been on the rise the past decade....