- In the movie Hector kills Menelaus to save Paris. In the Iliad Hector does not kill Menelaus, Menelaus survives the Trojan War and returns to his homeland with Helen.
- In the movie Achilles is among one of many Greeks that are inside the Trojan Horse. In the Iliad Achilles died before the Trojan Horse ruse was ever exploited.
- In the Iliad Paris is mortally wounded by Philoctetes. In Troy Paris lives.
- Ajax and Agamemnon were also men that survived the Trojan War according to the Iliad, but were killed off in Troy.
- In the Iliad Priam has a daughter named Cassandra that is a prophetess. She tried to warn the people of Troy about the Trojan Horse, though her prophecy fell on deaf ears. Cassandra plays no role in the movie Troy.
- In the Iliad there were several great and powerful men on both sides, besides just Achilles and Hector.
- According to the Iliad, the entire war took ten years. In Troy the war is depicted as lasting only weeks.
- Thetis, Achilles' mother, plays an important role in both the poem and the movie. In both the Iliad and in Troy Thetis warned her son of a prophecy saying that if he participated in the war he would die a young, but glorious death, and his name would live on forever.
- In both Homer's Iliad and the movie Troy, Helen is abducted by Paris and it is this abduction that leads to the Trojan War.
- In both the Iliad and Troy Achilles kills Hector.
- In both the Iliad and Troy, Priam, the king of Troy does sneak into the Greek encampment to speak with Achilles and request the body of Hector.
- In both the Iliad and Troy the Greeks are the victors.
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