Cory A. Dick
Department of Social Work
Professor M. Saunders
May 8, 2012
Description of Social Problem/Human Need
The social problem and/or need that I am going to discuss is illegal immigration. However, before I can begin, I need to define terms that will be used in this paper. First is the work alien. Alien refers to any individual who is not a citizen of the United States (Congress of the United States Congressional Budget Office, 2006, p. 15). The next term I will define is immigrant. Immigrant refers to an alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence; such people also may be referred to as lawful permanent residents (Congress of the United States Congressional Budget Office, 2006, p. 15). Finally the last term that I will define is visa. A visa allows for a person to apply for entry to the United States under specific criteria (Congress of the United States Congressional Budget Office, 2006, p. 15).
Legal United States citizens are the ones that are affected most by illegal immigration and there are several ways that this is evident. First, illegal immigration poses a terrorist threat to the United States Citizens. The Center for Immigration Studies, (as cited in ProCon.org, 2012), says the following:
“Knowledgeable Americans have come to understand that our welcoming immigration policies are easily exploited by terrorists and that porous borders and lax immigration enforcement are no longer an option. With at least 8 million illegal aliens living in the United States and nearly 1 million new aliens arriving each year, the potential for terrorists to enter the United States is high.” (2012)
Another way that United States citizens are the one’s affected by illegal immigration is by the amount of tax dollars that are spent in order to educate children of illegal immigrants. Research by Martin and Ruark (2010) supports this by stating, “Education for the children of illegal aliens constitutes the single largest cost to taxpayers, at an annual price tag of nearly $52 billion. Nearly all of those costs are absorbed by state and local governments.”
Finally, one more way that United States citizens are the one’s affected by illegal immigration is their safety. The following statement by Preston, (2009) states the following:
“Federal authorities have identified more than 111,000 immigrants with criminal records being held in local jails, during the first year of a program that seeks to deport immigrants who have committed serious crimes. Among the immigrants identified through the program, known as Secure Communities, more than 11,000 had been charged with or convicted of the most serious crimes, including murder and rape, domestic security officials said Thursday. About 1,900 of those have been deported. “ (2009)
Social science tells us several things about the specific needs of the citizens of the United States when it comes to illegal immigration; the needs of low income minority citizens to be able to find a good paying job has been affected. The following was stated by Corwin (n.d.):
“Native minorities, especially blacks and Hispanics born in the U.S., are exceptionally vulnerable. Forty percent of native-born blacks, for example, work in high-immigrant occupations and are therefore much more likely to be affected by any decline in wages or benefits resulting from immigrant-induced increases in the supply of labor. According to some estimates, for African American males without a high school diploma, immigration has been responsible a 16% to 20% decline in wages. Furthermore, according to the National Bureau of Research, immigration was responsible for a 40% decline in black employment between 1980 and 2000. In short, immigration is adversely impacting the very segment of America that is already victim of gross income disparities.” (n.d.)...