Topics: Water supply, Drinking water, Water purification Pages: 10 (2826 words) Published: April 24, 2013
(A Safe Water Initiative for Communities and Schools)

P.O. Box 24045, 00100 GPO Nairobi, Kenya
Menelik Road, off Ngong Road
Tel: +254 020 2459130
Cell: +254 733 759 888

"There is a water crisis today. But the crisis is not about having too little water to satisfy our needs. It is a crisis of managing water so badly that billions of people - and the environment - suffer badly."  World Water Vision Report. The water sector in Kenya continues to be marred by a myriad of serious challenges related to safe water provision, distribution and management. A number of these challenges are as a result of factors both within and outside the water sector. Climate variability and increasing demand for water as a result of development and population pressure are factors that the sector may not be able to control but can initiate mitigation measures to ensure sustainable water resource development. This is coupled by the fact that Kenya is considered a chronically water scare nation since, it has one of the lowest natural water replenishment rates, at 647 metres cubed per capita per annum ,which is by far below the required 1,000 metres cubed per capita per annum.

The ASAL regions in Kenya have been hard hit as regards to management of water resources and access to sanitation services and affordable quality water. Often in various regions water use conflicts, due to competition on the available water resources have been witnessed, a concept that authenticates the concept of future “Water wars”, where by wars will be fought over the ‘blue gold’ as demand increases with reduced supply. The Water Scarcity in the ASALs, has affected among others, the economic and health aspects of the communities. Quite often, women in this regions trek for kilometers, in search of the precious resource. The Challenges are more profound especially in the extremely arid areas in Kenya, where provision of safe and affordable water and sanitation services, is poor due to the said water scarcity and lack of relevant access points.

Water supply in Kenya is at only 45% compared to the Millennium Development Goal of 70%, and at current trends will be only at 56% by 2015.  These trends indicate that efforts must be doubled if the water targets of the MDGs are to be met. In essence, water is the core of life and clean water is imperative for human health. 1.1 billion People live without clean drinking water. Kenya has a population of 39 million. 16.8 million lack access to improved water source and 22.6 million lack access to improved sanitation. 5 million deaths a year are caused by drinking polluted water. Approximately 80 percent of hospital attendance in Kenya is due to preventable diseases and about 50 percent of these illnesses are water, sanitation and hygiene related. The Millennium development goal No 7 target 7c, seeks to reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Based on the said bench marks, improved water provision especially among rural poor, marginalized regions (ASALs) and slum dwellers in Kenya is critical, if the country is to achieve 2015 MDGs target and Kenya Planning on Water, which seeks to ensure that clean and affordable water is available at sources less than 1 km in high potential areas and less than 5 km in ASALs. Investment in safe drinking water and sanitation contributes to economic growth. For each $1 invested, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates returns of $3 – $34, depending on the region and technology.

Organizational Background
Ecotact is a Social enterprise that invests in Innovations to solve sanitation crisis in Africa and beyond. Ecotact was founded in 2006 and started operation in 2007. It is driven by the local need to improve urban and urban-rural environment through investment in environmentally responsive projects, including sanitation facilities in urban,...
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