Ida Tarbell

Topics: Standard Oil, Sherman Antitrust Act, ExxonMobil Pages: 1 (333 words) Published: February 5, 2013
Ida Tarbell
1. Ida Tarbell was one of the most successful magazine writers of all time. She is most famous for her work on John D. Rockefeller. She was what everyone called a ‘muckraker’ but she wasn’t in the streets cleaning up she wasn’t a part of a union she didn’t strike against people. She used her words. Unlike a lot of people in power in the 1860’s Rockefeller didn’t treat his employees horrible. He had higher wages than most and not a lot of people died in his factories. What the problem was he was creating one of the biggest monopolies of history. He would buy up all his competitors and get special rates from the railroads. He was selling oil for 3 times lower than his competitors. And Tarbell saw a problem. 2. Ida was signed to one of the biggest magazines of the time, McClure. She soon became obsessed with Rockefellers work she studies him inside and out she would go through public records court papers. Anything she could get her hands on. She would write nasty articles about him in the magazine and the people loved her. She would state facts, she would have interviews with workers to try and get the inside view. Rockefeller became enraged with Tarbell. 3. As a result of Ida Tarbell, there was a report filed against Rockefeller, accusing him of creating and organizing a Monopoly. He went to Supreme Court; they ordered the dissolution of the Standard Oil Company ruling it in violation of the Sherman antitrust act. The court forced Standard Oil to break into thirty four independent companies spread across the country. 4. Progressive reformers were effective in reforming the Standard Oil Companies problems created in the Industrial Revolution. Ida Tarbell was very effective in her fight against the Standard Oil Monopoly her articles were key in the case against Rockefeller. “Striking, Suing, lock outs, many of the times these tactics didn’t work. Publishing facts and evidence always will.” – Ida Tarbell
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