Human Trafficking in South Africa

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“The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation,” is stated by the UN Protocol to clearly describe what human trafficking is (UNESCO p12). South Africa specifically, has no official legislation against human trafficking cases. Recently visiting South Africa has shown me how some people live and human trafficking is what can occur based off of living situations. Human trafficking is a worldwide conflict that destroys human rights. These concepts specifically include structural and direct violence, peace building and positive peace. There should be government legislation, along with punishment, created, to stop or greatly reduce human trafficking cases in South Africa. However, legislation and governance won’t completely solve the problem. Therefore, programs to help rebuild victim’s lives should be created. Human trafficking is a crime against humanity by the intent to deceive and exploit (UNESCO). The trafficking could range from forced labor to sexual exploitation. This is a complex problem and many are involved in the process of human trafficking. The chain involves the recruiters, transporters, receivers, pimps, brothel-keepers, border guards, and last but not least the victims. The government also plays a major role because they have not addressed the problem with legislation. The UN does have written laws against human trafficking, the Palermo Protocol, but this is not specified to any certain country. South Africa also has groups that are against human trafficking in their country. However, these groups are not enough. They need help from the government. Groups such as NPA (National Prosecuting Authorities),...
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