Employee influence in Garments Industries of Bangladesh over the last decade -------------------------------------------------
HR policies defaults in Bangladesh
During the recent years the world of Business has changed vastly. We the people of different walks of life cannot be able to imagine that what is going to be the future picture if these changes continue rapidly like this speed. This report attempts to show the emergence and implementation of Employee influence in the contents of Bangladesh garments sector. It is expected that this report will help to gather knowledge about employee influence and realize their importance in modern business world. I tried my level best to compile information as comprehensively as possible. I have tried my level best to complete the paper more meaning fully but at the same time I express my regret for our failure of mentioning many other important information due to very limited space allotted for assignment. However I think this study will prove pragmatic to those who feel interested in the subject. Garments Industries in Bangladesh
Globalization has hit the populations of the third world hard. Unemployment has risen as established industries have been destroyed and poverty has deepened. Yet the organizations that clear the way for Foreign Direct Investment do have something to be proud of in Bangladesh – the rapid expansion of the garments industry, which now employs approximately 1.5 million people. However, for these workers the joy of having a job is marred by the harsh conditions they endure in the workplace. Bangladesh began creating Export Processing Zones (EPZs) in 1978 to attract foreign capital and earn export dollars. In 1993 the Bangladesh Export Processing Zone Authority (BEPZA) was set up and a blanket ban on trade union activity imposed. This is obviously the most attractive feature for investors, on top of tax breaks and other incentives on offer. The EPZs now employ 70,000 workers, mostly in the garment and shoe-making industries. National labor laws do not apply in the EPZs, leaving BEPZA in full control over work conditions, wages and benefits. However, BEPZA ignores not only national standards but its own. The guaranteed minimum monthly wages of $US70, $US 40 and $US 25 for skilled, unskilled and probationary workers respectively is a laughable fiction. As is the entitlement of permanent workers to annual festival bonuses, medical coverage, and accommodation and transportation allowance. The body has consistently refused to give out letters confirming employment and does not hire any workers on a permanent basis. In reality, earnings average about $20 per month – less than half the official rate – and workers do forced overtime under threat of dismissal. The withholding of pay for months at a time – a practice common throughout the private sector – is also the norm. The situation in the garment industry at large is even worse. The nation’s top export earner employs 1.5 million workers under conditions of super-exploitation. The majority are young women from rural areas who have migrated to the urban centers in search of work. The sweatshops are more like prisons than factories, with no fixed hours, regular breaks or days off. Workers earn between $7 and $10 a month, for an average of 13 hours a day, up to 27 days per month. This comes to an hourly rate of two or three cents! The bourgeois media reports that the industry currently owes $ 300,000 in back pay, a staggering amount considering the miserly wages. Garment workers change jobs frequently because of wage arrears, lay-offs, ill health or harassment from the bosses and their “security guards”. As the vast majority of employees are girls and young women – most living apart from their families – there are many cases of physical and sexual harassments. Garments Industries in Bangladesh are a very prospecting industries in Bangladesh. The total demand of our garments can be fulfilled by the domestic made...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document