How to Write a Literature Review?

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You should use the literature to explain your research - after all, you are not writing a literature review just to show what other researchers have done. You aim should be to:

➢ Show why your research needs to be carried out,
➢ How you came to choose certain methodologies or theories to work with, ➢ How your work adds to the research already carried out, etc.

What is the purpose of a Literature Review?

The purpose of a literature review is to convey to the reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic and what are the strengths and weaknesses.  The literature review allows the reader to be brought up to date regarding the state of research in the field and familiarizes the reader with any contrasting perspectives and viewpoints on the topic.  There are good reasons for beginning a literature review before starting a research paper.  These reasons include:

❖ To see what has and has not been investigated.
❖ To develop general explanation for observed variations in a behavior or phenomenon. ❖ To identify potential relationships between concepts and to identify researchable hypotheses. ❖ To learn how others have defined and measured key concepts. ❖ To identify data sources that other researches have used. ❖ To develop alternative research projects.

❖ To discover how a research project is related to the work of others.

What is a conceptual framework?

There are many ways to explain a conceptual framework. It can be any or all of the following: • A set of coherent ideas or concepts organized in a manner that makes them easy to communicate to others. • An organized way of thinking about how and why a project takes place, and about how we understand its activities.

• The basis for thinking about what we do and about what it means, influenced by the ideas and research of others.
• An overview of ideas and practices that...
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