How to Chose

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“Give Me Liberty! An American History” by Eric Foner is a survey of American history from the earliest days of European exploration and conquest of the New World to the first years of the twenty-first century. In the first chapter of his book, “A New World”, Foner attempted to explain what were different between the New and the Old World, and the origin of the name “The New World” of American continent. At the beginning of chapter one, Eric Foner stated “Historians no longer use the word “discovery” to describe the European exploration, conquest, and colonization of a hemisphere already home to millions of people. But there can be no doubt that when Christopher Columbus made landfall in the West Indian islands in 1492, he set in motion some of the most pivotal developments in human history.” (p.1) I think Foner give the first chapter the title “A New World” because that is what modern America history started from even though the discovery of America is the most controversial issue discussed in many classroom settings. Many people think that Columbus deserves the credit for the discovery of America while, others believe that he deserves no credit because when he landed on the Island there were already natural inhabitants there who had been living there for centuries. This so called, New World was new to Columbus but, old to the Indians who had been living there for centuries. What called “new” in the “new world” was the Indian people that Columbus previously unaware of their existence. Back in the day, when Columbus landed on an Indian island in 1492, “A New World” could be an acceptable name. But in present, when history revealed the truth that America Indian people had been there for thousand of year, “A New World” is not really an appropriate term. However, perspectives play a significant role in calling the Americas “new”. America is the name that we learn as schoolchildren, was named in honor of Amerigo Vespucci, for his discovery of the mainland of the New...
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